Nypa fruticans Wurmb
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NO. 101975

Utilization of nipa palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) by several ethnic groups in Indonesian
Pemanfaatan nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) oleh beberapa suku bangsa di Indonesia

Sumiarsi, N
Research and Development Centre for Biotechnology; LIPI; Cibinong; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany]; Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; Buku 2; p 478-483

Abstract:
The "nipah" (Nypa fruticans) forest can be found in the several regions in Indonesia, but its utilization has not been optimalized yet up to now. Utilization by several ethnic groups in Indonesia (Sundanese, Javanese, Madurese, Balinese, Palembang, Aceh, Batak and Makassar) are still limited, such as for roof, cigarette paper, alcoholic drink, juice, red sugar, palm sugar and sweets, using traditional technology. Field observation showed that "nipah" could be improved to reach industrial scale in the future.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 102795

Environmental biology of the nipa palm stands in Sungai Durian-Kerawang forest complex, West Kalimantan
Biologi lingkungan tegakan nipah di kelompok hutan sungai Durian-Kerawang, Kalimantan Barat

Alrasjid, H
Buletin Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Bulletin] (564): 25-50 (1994)

Abstract:
Lack of available data on ecology, silviculture, effective and efficient tapping techniques are the main constraints in promoting sustainable nipa forest management. The techniques are the main constraint in promoting sustainable nipa forest management. It is unlikely that research on these aspects will be immediately conducted. However, the first priority will be given to ecological research because ecology is the basis of silviculture. The research was aimed at studying the relationships between site and species composition, nipa productivity and natural regeneration. The research was carried out in Sungai Durian-Kerawang natural nipa forest, West Kalimantan. The conclusions of the research were as follows: 1. Nipa forest land was periodically subject to inflow of tide water. The outer nipa forest inundated spring tides and normal tides and the inner part inundated occasionally by equinoctial tides. 2. The outer nipa forest was generally characterized by pure stand whereas the inner part associated with other species such as Oncosperma filamentosa and Bruguiera sp. 3. Number of clump per ha was 3317 clumps and each clump consisted of 3-9 trees. The average of flower stalk production was 6.3% of the existing clumps per ha. The average sap production from flower stalk which was not tended was low, namely 0.58 litre/day/flower stalk. Whereas the stalk which was properly tended before tapping activity will produce 1.06 litre/day/flower stalk. The amount of seedlings per ha was 1250 seedlings with frequency 64.5%. 4. Nipa forest soil is poor, with pH 4.5 to 5.5. 5. Besides production function, nipa forest had conservation function. The forest was the habitat of several fauna.

Availability :
Library; Forest and Nature Conservation Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5; Bogor 16001; West Java; Indonesia; P.O. Box 165; phone: (62) (251) 315 234, 315 567; fax: (62) (251) 325 111
Email: slitbang@indo.net.id




NO. 102819

Nipa palm farming and its problems
Pengusahaan nipah dan permasalahannya

Tinambunan, D
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 10 (6): 227-234 (1992)

Abstract:
A general investigation on nipa palm utilization in South Sumatra, Lampung and West Kalimantan was conducted in 1991. The results and the very limited publications available showed that the accurate area, distribution and potential of nipa forests in Indonesia are still unknown. The traditional use of nipa leaves for making roof had been known for a long time but it is still without any improvement. Meanwhile the utilization of the palm for various commercial products is new and, therefore, many of its aspects are still unknown. It is now realized that all of the palm parts such as leaves, stems, fruits and juice can be made into certain products with relatively high economic values. It is noticed that in the business of nipa products in Indonesia, several constraints commonly faced, e.g. lack of data on the palm areas, distribution and potential, institution responsible for the commodity is still unclear, a long procedure in getting permit for utilizing nipa forest, difficult access to nipa field, lacks of infrastructure, skilled labours, technology, information on environments, socio-economical analysis, difficulty in getting funds, and lack of real support from the government. Further research on various aspects of nipa utilization and development are necessary in order to provide scientific information base to be used by interested parties, so that the role of the commodity in improving local community life and increasing government earning can be realized.

Availability :
Library; Forest Products Research and Development Centre (FPRDC); Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5; Bogor 16001; Indonesia; P.O. Box 182; phone: (62) (251) 326 378; fax: (62) (251) 313 613




NO. 90870

Proximate chemical analyses of 'nipa' (Nypa fruticans) leaves of different maturities


Gentolejo, JG
Abstract of Researches; Iloilo City, UP (University of the Philippines) Visayas, UP System, 1984

Abstract:
The study made use of three samples of 'nipa' leaves of different ages: the unopened leafsheats, the young, yellow-green leaves, and the dark-green mature leaves. These were taken from the same locality in Arevalo, Iloilo. The samples were analyzed for their moisture, ash, ether extract, crude fiber, protein, and nitrogen-free extractive contents. The values obtained revealed ranges of 54.73-68.13% moisture, 2.18-5.89% ash, 0.69-1.61% ether extract, 16.46-35.10% crude fiber, 2.15-5.14% protein, and 59.88-70.63% nitrogen-free extractive contents. The mature leaves gave the highest percentage of ash, ether extractive, protein, and nitrogen-free extractive contents. Compared to the young and mature leaves the leafsheaths gave the highest percentage (68.13%) of moisture. Finally, the crude fiber content of the leafsheats was highest, at 35.10%.

Availability :
Library; UP Visayas; Iloilo City; Philippines




NO. 50283

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 9. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates


Flach, M (ed); Rumawas, F (ed)
Department of Agronomy; Wageningen Agricultural University; Wageningen; the Netherlands

PROSEA Foundation; Bogor; Indonesia; 1996; 237 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with plants in South-East Asia that produce and store starch and/or sugar as a reserve food in organs other than seeds, e.g. in tubers, corms, cormels, stolons, thickened roots, stems, trunks and fruits. Starches and sugars are the main source of food energy for humans and animals. Most of the crops dealt with in this volume are grown at subsistence level in the tropics. Although many of them may potentially produce twice the amount of useful energy per unit of land and time than cereals, they have never received comparable scientific, industrial and commercial attention. This neglected group of crops deserves more attention to realize its full potential. In this volume 54 important crops (cultivated and wild) including sago palm, sugar palm, fishtail palm, sugar cane, yams, cassava, sweet potato, Irish potato, taro, arrowroot, yam bean, plantain and cooking banana, zedoary, Chinese artichoke, are treated in 33 papers. Some 50 species of minor importance are described briefly and a further 100 species yielding non-seed carbohydrates as a by-product are listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of the plants. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 71020

Some biological characteristics of Nypa fruticans and the management and uses of Nypa palm forests in Vietnam.
Mot so dac diem sinh hoc cua cay dua nuoc (Nypa fruticans) o Viet Nam.

Tran Van Ba
Hanoi National Pedagogical University No. 1; Vietnam

Thong tin Khoa hoc-Sinh hoc va Dia ly [Scientific Information of Biology and Geography] Hanoi Pedagogical University (4): 51-55 (1992)

Abstract:
Nypa forests play a role as a buffer zone against soil erosion along river banks

Availability :
Hanoi National Pedagogical University, Library




NO. 63755

Mangove soils in Indonesia


Hardjowigeno, S
Department of Soil Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor, Indonesia

BIOTROP Special Publication 37: 257-264 (1989)

Abstract:
Mangrove soils of Indonesia are predominantly characterized by fine texture, half ripe to unripe, saline, and commonly contain a sulfidic material. Some coarse texture soils also occur especially in coral island. There are also some mangrove soils with a histic epipedon. Salinity content decreases regularly from the coast to the inland, and the adsorption site of the soil is dominated by cations in the order of Na> Mg> Ca or K (Zone of Avicennia, Bruguiera, Rhizophora) , Mg> Ca> Na or K (Nypa zone), and Ca> Mg> Na (Melaleuca, fresh water zone). The higher content of sodium is not followed by a significant increase in pH value due to the variable source of acidity. The sequence of soil distribution from the coast were: halic sulfic hydraquents, halic sulfaquents, histic halic sulfaquents, terric halic sulfihemists, typic sulfaquents, terric sulfihemists, terric tropohemists, typic tropohemists. Mangrove soils are considered unsuitable for agriculture mainly due to salinity and acid sulphate problems. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
SEAMEO BIOTROP Library




NO. 50834

Potentialities of mangrove forest related to coastal aquaculture : a case study in Bone-Bone, Luwu, South Sulawesi


Ahmad, T
Research Institute of Coastal Aquaculture; Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia

BIOTROP Special Publication 37: 287-299 (1989)

Abstract:
A study has been carried out in Bone-Bone, South Sulawesi on mangrove forest to know its potential for coastal aquaculture. The area covered in this study was 4400 ha consisting of different vegetations and soil characteristics. Eighteen transects and 30 plots were developed to obtain vegetation, soil and water samples. Based on vegetation occupying the area, soil characteristics and amplitude of tide, only 13.8% of Bone-Bone mangrove forest could be converted into brackishwater ponds. The rest of the area must be left for green belt and conservation area. The green belt should be maintained up to 274 m from the shoreline or 50 m from the river bank. Conversion of Bone-Bone mangrove forest into brackishwater ponds up to 13.8% may economically increase the productivity of the area without significantly disturbing the ecosystem. (Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
SEAMEO BIOTROP Library




NO. 50835

A conceptual zonation plan for the management of mangroves of Brunei Darussalam


Abdul Halidi Mohd Salleh; De Silva, MWRN
Department of Fosheries; Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam

BIOTROP Special Publication 37: 319-331 (1989)

Abstract:
This paper presents a conceptual management strategy for the mangroves of Brunei Darussalam developed under the ASEAN-US Coastal Resources Management Project. It is guided by two broad objectives, viz. (1) to conserve the mangrove resources for maximum benefit for the Bruneians and (2) to minimize non-sustainable or coversion activities that would result in the eventual elimination of the resource. The proposed strategy involves zoning of the country's mangroves into land-use options based on particular characteristics or combination of characteristics of mangroves that occupy particular sites. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
SEAMEO BIOTROP Library




NO. 66908

"Kayu angin" as a natural preservate
Kayu angin sebagai bahan pengawet alami

Sunantyo
Pusat Penelitian Gula Indonesia, Pasuruan, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 300-305

Abstract:
It takes quite a long time to tap nipa juice which is usually done twice a day. Due to the fermentation process occuring during the tapping, sucrose content in the juice has become drastically decreased. Parameters of the losses of sucrose content of the nipa juice are pH and purity. Natural preservation using "kayu angin" has proven to reduce the loss of sucrose content. The dosage is 5 g/l of juice. The colour of brown sugar made by using either chemical or natural preservation did not differ significantly. How far people used kayu angin and the opinion of local people to this species were discussed in this paper. (Author's abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 70110

Nipa palm
Cay Dua nuoc

Do Tam Chuong
Tap chi Lam nghiep [Journal of Forestry] 7: 43-44 (1964)

Abstract:
Information on Nipa palm and it's great role in stabilizing littoral area is presented. Also presented are land preparation, propagation and cultivation of this species in territorial waters in northern Vietnam.

Availability :
National Information and Documentation Center for Science and Technology, Library




NO. 101876

Land characteristics and vegetation distribution of shore swamp forest in South Kelumpang, Kotabaru district, South Kalimantan
Karakteristik lahan dan penyebaran vegetasi hutan rawa pantai di Kelumpang Selatan, Kabupaten Kotabaru, Kalimantan Selatan

Husen, E; Nugroho, K; Widjaja-Adhi, IPG
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research (CSAR), Bogor, Indonesia

Risalah Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat [Proceedings of the Seminar on Research Findings on Soil and Agroclimate] 1: 49-54 (1994)

Abstract:
A research on land characteristics and distribution of mangrove vegetation has been conducted at Kelumpang Selatan subdistrict, Kotabaru district, South Kalimantan Province. The aim of this research was to study the behaviour of mangrove vegetation in relation to its habitat (soil and water). Several sets of observation on soil, water and species of vegetation were carried out by using transects from shore lines to the mainland at intervals of 100 to 200 m or depending on the transition of vegetation. The data showed that the habitat on which the vegetation grew was dominated by typic sulfaquents near shorelines and sulfic trofuquepts behind. These soils were formed from marine sediment and covered by thin organic material on the top layer. Based on land types, these soils are grouped into saline land, and the actual and potential sulfic acid soils. The zonation patterns of mangrove vegetation seemed to be associated with the habit conditions, i.e. Rhizophora sp. near shorelines, Bruguiera sp. in the middle and Nypa fruticans at the transition to the mainland.

Availability :
Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research, Library
Email: csar@bogor.wasantara.net.id




NO. 1140

Food and gasoline from the nipa and sago palms, and gasoline from the water hyacinth
Pangan dan bensin dari nipah dan sagu, serta bensin dari enceng gondok

Johannes, H
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ciawi-Bogor [Ciawi Agricultural Information Bulletin, Bogor] (1): 24-25(1981/82)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2108

Forest utilization in Indonesia


Johannes, H
Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Eighth World Forestry Congress; Vol.5; Jakarta; 1978; p1351-1355

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2469

Evaluation of natural regeneration of mangrove forest between Gaung and Mandah rivers, Riau
Penilaian permudaan alam hutan mangrove antara sungai Gaung dan sungai Mandah, Riau

Alrasjid, H
Forest Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Institute Report] (397): 1-22(1982)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2943

The structure of vegetation and rate of litter production in mangrove forest at Siar Beach, Lundu, Sarawak, Malaysia


Othman, S
University of Agriculture; Serdang; Selangor; Malaysia

BIOTROP Special Publication (37): 145-155(1989)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 2948

The potentials of mangrove areas in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia


Rahman, AA
Department of Biology; University of Agriculture Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

BIOTROP Special Publication (37): 313-318(11989)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 2949

A conceptual zonation plan for the management of mangroves of Brunei Darussalam


Salleh, AHM; De Silva, MWRN
Department of Fisheries; Bandar Seri Begawan; Brunei Darussalam

BIOTROP Special Publication (37): 319-331(1989)

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 3095

Structure and litterfall of mangrove forest in Kembang Kuning, Cilacap
Struktur dan gugur serasah hutan mangrove di Kembang Kuning, Cilacap

Soeroyo
Research and Development Centre in Oceanology; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar III Ekosistem Mangrove [Proceedings of the 3rd Seminar on Mangrove Ecosystem]; Soerianegara, I et al(eds); Denpasar; Bali; 1986; p110-114

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 3179

Mangroves and food


Christensen, B; Delmendo, MN
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Far East; Bangkok; Thailand

Proceedings of the Eighth World Forestry Congress; Vol.3; Jakarta; 1978; p971-990

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 4515

Problem of the regeneration of mangrove forest at Cilacap
Masalah permudaan hutan pajau didaerah Tjilatjap

Soeradji, RS
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; University of Indonesia; 1959; 62p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 5033

Demonstration canal fishpond in the framework of the environmental welfare approach in the mangrove forest of Cemara Forest Resort, Indramayu Forest Subdistrict
Empang parit percontohan dalam rangka pendekatan kesejahteraan lingkungan di hutan payau Resort Polisi Hutan Cemara, Bagian Kesatuan Pemangkuan Hutan Indramayu

Marsudi, R
BSc thesis; Bandung College of Forestry; 1980; 56p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 12933

Nipa palm
Chak

Khondong
Dichan [Lady Magazine] No.343: 334-345(1991)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 6431

Saccharose
Sakarosa

Adriadi, D; Nurhayati, T
BSc thesis; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1976; 27p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 6561

Role of forests in the framework of building up living environments
Peranan hutan dalam rangka pembinaan lingkungan hidup

Sastrapradja, S
National Biological Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

BioIndonesia (5): 49-58(1978)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Indonesia




NO. 6626

Energy farming
Pertanian energi

Simamora, R
Science Education Centre; Bandung; Indonesia

Majalah Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam [Natural Science Education Journal] 6(62): 31-36(1983)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Indonesia




NO. 10048

The uses of nipa palm
Prayot khong chak

Kankaew, C
Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 11(2): 176-182(1938)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10547

Nipa palm
Chak

Kunthongkham, S
Kasikorn [Farmers Bulletin] 9(3): 369-371(1936)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10650

Nipa palm
Ton chak

Raksakaeo, P
Royal Forest Department; Bangkok; Thailand

Vanasarn [Forestry Journal] 34(3): 299-301(1976)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10846

Nipa palm
Ton chak

Phruk-amphai, A; Bonwattana, S; Wiraprachak, P
Samut Prakan Provincial Agricultural Office; Thailand

Thankasettakam [Agricultural Base Journal] 5(54): 85-89(1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 12088

Nypa palm
Ton chak

Phrukampai, A; Bunwatthana, S; Wiraprachak, P
Thankasettakam [Agricultural Base Magazine] 5(54): 84-89(1987)

Availability :
Kasetsart University, Central Library




NO. 20290

Methods of increasing growth and obtaining natural regeneration of the mangrove type in Malaya


Noakes, DSP
Department of Forestry; Federation of Malaya

The Malayan Forester 18(1): 23-30(1955)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20354

Agricultural by-products: Accessibility and usage for animal feed in Malaysia
Bahan sampingan pertanian: Kesedia-adaan dan penggunaannya oleh ternakan di Malaysia

Devendra, C
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Pertanian [Agricultural Technology] 1(2): 9-23(1980)

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 20974

Ecological studies of mangrove forests in Sarawak


Chai, PPK
Thesis; Kuala Lumpur; University of Malaya; 1982: 424p

Availability :
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 21356

'Apong' sugar
Gula Apong

Hj.Saidi, W
Department of Forestry; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Family Tree No.7: 9-13(1985)

Availability :
Department of Forestry; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 21362

A study of nipah sugar producers in Sarawak


Nyawin, A
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia

Department of Agriculture, Kuching, Report No.65: 1-117(1983)

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kuching; Sarawak; Malaysia




NO. 21495

Techno-economic acpects of production and utilization of two related palms : kitul (Caryota urens) and palmyra


Dissanayake, BW
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia

Proceedings of the 3rd International Sago Symposium, Tokyo, Japan, 20-23 May 1985; p75-85

Availability :
Department of Agriculture; Kota Kinabalu; Sabah; Malaysia




NO. 30086

Nipa for alcogas production


Halos, SC
Canopy International 7(7): 15(1981)

Availability :
Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 21672

The swamp-sago industry in West Malaysia - a study of the Sungei Batu Pahat floodplain


Tan, K
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies; Pasir Panjang; Singapore

Singapore; Institute of Southeast Asian Studies; 1983; 179p

Availability :
University of Science Malaysia; Penang




NO. 21744

An unconventional alcohol fuel crop


Fong, FW
Principes 31(2): 64-67(1967)

Availability :
University of Malaya; Kuala Lumpur; Malaysia




NO. 23232

Nipah sugar production


Department of Agriculture; Sarawak; Malaysia
Farmers' Bulletin (308): 1-3(1990)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute




NO. 21795

Taxonomy, ecology and biology of sago palms in Malaya and Sarawak


Kiew, R
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Proceedings of the First International Sago Symposium; Sarawak; 1977; p147-154

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 21796

Nipah swamps - a neglected mangrove resource


Fong, FW
Proceedings of the Asian Symposium on Mangrove Environment: Research and Management; Kuala Lumpur; University of Malaya; 1980; p663-671

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 21797

Influence of human activities on Nypa swamps


Fong, FW
Proceedings of the Asian Symposium on Mangrove Environment: Research and Management; Kuala Lumpur; University of Malaya; 1980; p...

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 21994

Recognizing local sugars from palms
Mengenali gula-gula palma tempatan

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor

Teknologi Makanan [Food Technology] 2(2): 25-28(1983)

Availability :
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute; Serdang; Selangor




NO. 22064

Traditional uses of mangrove ecosystems in Malaysia - mangrove ecosystems


Chan, HT; Salleh, MN
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kepong; Selangor

Occassional paper UNDP/UNESCO Mangrove Project RAS/86/120; 1986; p15-17

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22243

Management and utilization of mangroves in Asia and Pacific


FAO; United Nations; Rome; Italy

FAO Environment Paper 3; 1982; 160p

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22247

Mangrove forests of Sarawak


Chai, PK
Proceedings of the Workshop on Mangroves and Estuarine Vegetation in Malaysia, Agricultural University of Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, 10 December 1977; p1-5

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 22376

Rate of litter production in mangrove forests at Siar Beach; Lundu; Sarawak


Saberi, O
Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies; Agricultural University of Malaysia; Serdang; Selangor

Pertanika 12(1): 47-51(1989)

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 22411

Preliminary studies of the sugar from the nipah palm (Nypa fruticans)


Ee, GCL; Ibrahim, MY; Lau, S; Asmah, HY
Agricultural University of Malaysia; Bintulu; Sarawak

UPM Bintulu Research Report No.1; 1988; 15p

Availability :
University Putra Malaysia




NO. 22828

Notes on the vegetation of the tidal areas of South Sumatera; Indonesia, with special reference to Karang Agung


Samingan, WT
Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Tropical Ecology: Tropical Ecology and Development, 16-21 April 1979, Kuala Lumpur; Furtado, JI (ed); p1107-1112

Availability :
Forest Research Institute Malaysia




NO. 30033

Nipa and its innumerable uses


Gonzales, LL
Canopy International 5( ? ): 9(1979)

Availability :
Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 30043

Leaf harvesting and juice techniques of nipa in Alabat Island, Quezon Province


Melana, DM
Canopy International 6(5): 6-7(1980)

Availability :
Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 30294

Palms augur well for the Philippine economy


Uddin, AJ
Canopy International 11(4): 4-5, 11, 16(1985)

Availability :
Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau; College; Laguna; Philippines




NO. 30799

Identification of high acetic acid-yielding bacteria from nipa sap


Diamante, JC
Annals of Tropical Research 8(1): 21-31(1986)

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 31147

Versatile nipa: potential resource for various economic needs


Encendencia, MEM
NSTA Technology Journal 10(3): 4-12(1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 31282

Comparative study on fermentable sugar content and alcohol yield of 7 coconut cultivars/hybrids


Marquez, ME
Thesis; Baybay; Leyte; Visayas State College of Agriculture; 1982; ...p

Availability :
Library; Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 31528

The disappearing sago palm


Serrano, RG
PCARRD Monitor 13(5): 4-5(1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32541

Nipa: a promising source of alcohol


Carreon, E
Animal Husbandry and Agricultural Journal 16(2): 14(1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32605

Major Philippine raw material sources for power alcohol: prospects, problems, directions


Zayco, HC; Rosario, EL
Crystallizer 3(3): 6-7, 19-21(1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Banos; College; Laguna




NO. 32967

Philippine mangroves


Paulme, IS
Ministry of Natural Resources Quarterly 1(3): 9-13(1979)

Availability :
Library; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33094

Nipa (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.)


Cabahug Jr, DM; Llamas, CE
Research Information Series on Ecosystems 2(5): 13-23(1990)

Availability :
Library; Bureau of Forestry Development; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33197

Palms give birth to different industries


Rayos, JA
Agricultural and Industrial Life 29(2): 12, 44(1967)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33619

Nipa: the sugar palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb)


Salasac, CS; Cadiz, TG; Cadiz, EM
Ilocandia Journal of the College of Arts and Sciences 1(1): 79-88(1982)

Availability :
Library; Science Research Laboratory; Mariano Marcos State University; Batac; Ilocos Norte; Philippines




NO. 64077

Raw material as sugar substitution
Bahan baku pengganti gula

Saleh, S.
Tumbuh [Growing] (17); 48-49 (1991)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Jl. Juanda 18; Bogor 16122; Indonesia




NO. 38621

Identification of high acetic acid-yielding bacteria from nipa sap


Diamante, JD
Ann. Trop. Res. 8(1): ?p (1986)

Abstract:
Eighteen gram-negative bacilli and cocci were selected from 40 isolates in naturally fermenting nipa sap from Paombong Bulacan. When grown and screened in pasturized nipa sap, 10 high acetic-acid yielding isolates were further selected. Based on their morphological and physiological characteristics, they were identified as Acetobacter aceti subsp. aceti, A. paradoxus subsp. paradoxus, six isolates of A. ascendens subsp. ascendens, A. lovaniensis subsp. lovaniensis and A. rancens subsp. pasteurianus. Among the identified bacteria, A. aceti subsp. aceti produced the highest amount of acetic acid in pasteurized nipa sap. This bacterium responded positively to most of the physiological test that were used. The utilization of glucose, ethanol and other nutrients by bacteria for acetic acid production was found to be dependent on their physiological characteristics.

Availability :
Visayas State College of Agriculture; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 40079

Traditional uses of mangrove resources in the central province


Rau, M
Forest Products Research Centre; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

Harvest 11(1): 5-11(1985)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40146

Observations on the banana scab moth in the territory of Papua New Guinea


Paine, RW
Department of Agriculture; Fiji

Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 14(1): 45-47(1961)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40172

A report on the possibility of producing power alcohol in Papua New Guinea


Hutchinson, RC
Department of Agriculture; Rabaul; Papua New Guinea

PNG Agricultural Journal 7(2): 141-165(1941)

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40346

Uses of mangrove community


Percival, M; Womersley, JS
PNG National Herbarium; Department of Forest; Division of Botany; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Floristics and ecology of the mangrove vegetation of Papua New Guinea; Lae; Lae; Department of Forest; Division of Botany; 1975; Botany Bulletin No.8; p27-30

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 40389

The mangrove ecosystem of the Purari delta


Cragg, S
Office of Forests; Forest Products Research Centre; Port Moresby; Papua New Guinea

The Purari - tropical environment of a high rainfall river basin; The Hague/Boston/Lancaster; W.Junk; 1983; Monographiae Biologicae Vol.15; p295-324

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 60312

Utilization of nypa (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.) juice as fermentation medium in alcohol production
Pemanfaatan nira nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.) sebagai media fermentasi untuk pembuatan alkohol

Wijono, D; Sardjono
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; 1983; 21p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 61843

Acrostichum aureum L. community in mangrove (Avicennia officinalis L.) forests in Muara Pasir, Sungai Kandilo, East Kalimantan
Komunitas Acrostichum aureum L. di hutan mangrove (Avicennia officinalis L.) Muara Pasir, sungai Kandilo, Kalimantan Timur

Suhardjo, S.
Rimba Indonesia [Indonesian Jungle]; Bogor; 22(1-2): 59-74(1988)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62188

Utilization of 'nipah '(Nypa fruticans Wurmb) inflorescence juice as fermentation medium for alcohol production
Pemanfaatan nira nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) sebagai media fermentasi untuk pembuatan alkohol

Wijono, D.; Sardjono
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Penelitian Proyek Pengembangan Ilmu dan TeknologiĀ¬ Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan [Research Report of Science and Technology Development Project, Department of Education and Culture]; No.357/DPPM/495/ 1982; 1982; 21p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 62479

Alcohol production from nipah juice: a study on its fermentation kinetic
Produksi alkohol dari nira nipah, suatu studi tentang kinetika fermentasinya

Sardjono; Wijono, D.J.; Wibowo, D.J.
Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Makalah Pada Simposium Nasional Tehnik Kimia di Yogyakarta [Paper Presented on National Symposium of Chemical Technique, Yogyakarta]; 11-12 Desember 1985; 12 p

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63025

Mangrove forest ecosystem in Indonesia
Ekosistem hutan bakau di Indonesia

Budiman, A.; Kartawinata, K.; Riswan, S.; Prawiatmodjo, S.
Proceedings of the Research for Development Seminar (Held at the Australian Institute) of marine Science; Townsville; Australia (18-25th May); 1985; p. 31-39

Availability :
Riswan, S.; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63026

Traditional utilization of mangrove in Indonesia
Pemanfaatan secara tradisional bakau di Indonesia

Soegiarto, A.; Soemodihardjo, S.
Proceedings of the Research for Development Seminar (Held at the Australian Institute) of marine Science; Townsville; Australia (18-25th May); 1985; p. 137-142

Availability :
Riswan, S.; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63712

Nipa as a sugar producer
Nipah sebagai penghasil gula

West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service (02); 1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Indonesia




NO. 64532

Similar but not same
Serupa tetapi tidak sama

Soemaatmadja, A.
Manggala Wanabhakti 5 (09): (1989)

Availability :
Manggala Wanabhakti; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65162

Analysis of the mangrove vegetation in South Banyuwangi Nature Reserve, East Java
Analisis vegetasi hutan bakau di Suaka Margasatwa Banyuwangi Selatan, Jawa Timur

Santy, D.
S1 Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; Nasional University; 1988; 83 p

Availability :
PROSEA Indonesia Country Office




NO. 66530

Thatch palm utilization and its problems
Pengusahaan nipah dan permasalahannya

Tinambunan, Djaban
Forest Product Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia

Forest Product Research Journal 10(6): 227-234 (1992)

Availability :
Library and Documentation for Forestry of Manggala Wanabhakti; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 68734

Some experience on the rehabilitation of magrove forest (Industrial Forest Plantation) in Palembang


Sumardjani, L.; Mulia, F.
Indonesian Mangrove Foundation; Jakarta; Indonesia

Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Ecosystem Rehabilitation of Ecotone II 29-31 March 1993, Jakarta; Soemadihardjo, S.(ed); Unesco-Japanese MAB-LIPI; Indonesian National MAB Committee; Jakarta; 1994; p65-68

Availability :
Man and the Biosphere; LIPI; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 91500

Identification of high acetic acid-yielding bacterial from nipa sap


Diamante, JD
Annals of Tropical Research 8(1); 1986

Abstract:
Eighteen gram-negative bacilli and cocci were selected from 40 isolates in naturally fermenting nipa sap from Paombong, Bulacan. When grown and screened in pasturized nipa sap, 10 high acetic-acid yielding isolates were further selected. Based on their morphological and physiological characteristics, they were identified as Acetobacter aceti subsp.aceti, A. paradoxus subsp. paradoxus, six isolates of A. ascendens subsp. ascendens, A. lovaniensis subsp. lovaniensis and A. rancens subsp. pasteurianus. Among the identified bacteria, A. aceti subsp. aceti produced the highest amount of acetic acid in pasteurized nipa sap. This bacterium responded positively to most of the physiological test that were used. The utilization of glucose, ethanol and other nutrients by bacteria for acetic acid production was found to be dependent of their physiological characteristics.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program; ViSCA; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 91501

Proximate chemical analyses of nipa leaves (Nypa fruticans) of different maturities


Gentoleo, JG
Abstract of Researches; Iloilo City: U.P. Visayas; 1984

Abstract:
The study made use of three samples of nipa leaves of different ages: the unopened leafsheats, the young, yellow-green leaves, and the dark-green mature leaves. These were taken from the same locality in Arevalo, Iloilo. The samples were analyzed for their moisture, ash, ether extract, crude fiber, protein, and nitrogen-free extractive contents. The values obtained revealed ranges of 54.73-68.13% moisture, 2.18- 5.89% ash, 0.69-1.61% ether extract, 16.46-35.10% crude fiber, 2.15-5.14% protein, and 59.88-70.63% nitrogen-free extractive contents. The mature leaves gave the highest percentage of ash, ether extractive, protein, and nitrogen-free extractive contents. Compared to the young and mature leaves the leafsheaths gave the highest percentage (68.13%) of moisture. Finally, the crude fiber content of the leafsheats was highest, at 35.10%.

Availability :
Visayas Coordinated Agricultural Research Program; ViSCA; Baybay; Leyte; Philippines




NO. 100899

Nipa, the living fossil of 100 million years of age
Nipah, fosil hidup berumur 100 juta tahun

Nirorita, CH Endah
Asian Wetland Bureau ?City

Warta Konservasi Lahan Basah [Wetland Conservation News] 3(3): 14 (1994)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 101791

Five years of research and development in agriculture 1987-1991; support in welcoming the Take-off Era
Lima tahun penelitian dan pengembangan pertanian 1987-1991 sumbangan dalam menyongsong era tinggal landas

anonymous
Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (AARD); Ministry of Agriculture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agency for Agricultural Research and Development]; Departemen Pertanian; 1992; 118 p

Availability :
Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (AARD); Ministry of Agriculture; Pasarminggu; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 103619

The use of nypa palm for sugar production


Boedijono W.A.; Husnan, E.; Purnomo E.
Majalah Ilmiah Pembangunan [Foundation Science Journal] 4(5): 32-42(1994)

Abstract:
Up to 1993 Indonesia still imported sugar. Besides white or crystal sugar, another forms of sugar, e.g. 'gula merah' (in blocks) or liquid sugar, were badly needed. For the following years, one big 'kecap' (soy souce) factory needs million litres of liquid sugar every year. Besides sugarcane, several palm trees like coconut, arenga, siwalan, and nypa are also producing sugar. Unfortunately dispite thousands hectares forest are available, Nypa fructicans Wurmb in Indonesia is not exploited to any appreciable extent. In 1986, the Indonesian Sugar Research Institute, cooperated with many Government Institutions, started to study nypa as a source of sugar. Since then the attention to nypa was increasing. The results showed that nypa has a great potantial to be utilized as a source of white (crystal) sugar, gula merah, or concentrated syrup. Knowing this great potential, the Goverment has given much attention. To develop the use of nypa forest, the Ministry of Forestry has issued the declaration no 840/KPTS-II/1991 of November 14th about the right of exploitation of the sagu and nypa forest (6).

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103729

Study on the changes of chemical characteristics of nipa juice of afternoon tappings
Studi tentang perubahan kimia nipah dari hasil penyadapan sore hari

Marzoeki, Asdi A.M.
Ujung Pandang Industrial Institute; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Majalah Kimia (Balai Industri - Ujung Pandang) [Journal of Chemistry-Ujung Pandang Industrial Institute] (50): 27-31(1993)

Abstract:
The study was carried out to detect the change of chemical characteristics of nipa juice as the result of tapping in the afternoon. The result of the analysis in the first day showed that tapping in the afternoon produced fermented nipa juice. The ethanol content of 5.00% was reached in the fourth day, while in the 8th day the concentration was 2.13%. In the 8th day the concentration of acetic acid was only 0.1%, while the reduction of sugar and sucrose were only 0.1 and 0.61%, respectively.

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 103727

Study on the processing of palm sugar in South Sulawesi
Penelitian pembuatan gula merah nipah di Sulawesi Selatan

Fatimah, Wardah; Marzoeki, Asdi A.M.; Pereng, Iskandar; Amir, Muh.
Ujung Pandang Industrial Institute; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Majalah Kimia (Balai Industri - Ujung Pandang) [Journal of Chemistry-Ujung Pandang Industrial Institute] (50): 17-20(1993)

Abstract:
The processing of sugar from sugar palm was carried out in South Sulawesi. The aimed of this research was to find out the effect of pH of palm juice against the quality of sugar produced. The variation of pH (6, 7 and 8) was arranged by addition of quick lime. The result from the research showed that palm juice at pH 6 produced palm sugar which fulfilled the standard quality. Except its colour of reddish yellow of palm sugar at pH 7, palm sugar was produced from palm juice at pH 7 and 8 to fulfilled all criteria in the standard quality.

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 103763

Evaluation on the effort of managing 'nipah' forest for nipa sugar industry in West Kalimantan
Evaluasi pengusahaan hutan nipah untuk industri gula nipah di Kalimantan Barat

Samad, M.Yusuf
Majalah BPPT [Journal of the Agency for Technological Study and Application] (56): 112-119(1993)

Abstract:
More than 1000 ha of Nypa forest has already been exploited by PT. Milatronika Karya Nipah in West Kalimantan. Under the scheme of Nypa forest concession, it is necessary to alternate trees in order to increase their productivity. This treatment has been done when the age of the trees were between 3 months and 1 year. Spadix population, which is indicated by flower stage to tapping stage, can reach around 85 percent of existed total plants in this area. The amount of tapping spadix is still varied for most trees under recovery process by alternating treatment. Until now production of sweet sap may not meet the target of 1 liter/spadix/ day. Two main reasons of this were lack of skilled labour and plant pests (rat and monkey). Sweet sap can be processed into brown sugar. However, when the sugar was stored, its colour become dark. Improved skill and knowledge for labour was needed to improve quality and quantity of sweet sap.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103883

Effects of sulphurisation and blanching on fiber dietary extraction of fruits flour from nipa (Nipa fruticans Wurmb) and its quality
Pengaruh sulfurisasi dan blanching terhadap ekstraksi dietary fiber tepung buah nipah (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) serta mutunya

Luailik
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 95p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 105795

Management and tapping technique of nypa (Nypa fructicans) forest in Batu Ampar, West Kalimantan
Cara pengusahaan hutan nipah (Nypa fructicans) di Batu Ampar Kalimantan Barat

Sukanda
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 13(4): 153-161(1995)

Abstract:
Nypa (N. fructicans) is a species of the Palmae family which grows on swampy areas, coastal and along river banks. It is commonly known that the tree is able to produce the so called nira (petiole sap) which can be used for sweety (sugar palm) material. The utilization and development of wild nypa forest as sweety material has been done by PT Milatronika Kaya Nypah Indonesia in Sponti Jaya nypa forest, Batu Ampar subdistrict, Pontianak. In order to produce some amount of nira from nypa, tending and special care particularly on the fruit stalk are required. Tapped stalk liquid is obtained through cutting of the fruit stalk. The nira produced was then processed into red sugar, ant sugar, cristle sugar, vinegar, and fresh drink. The red fructose of nira has a composition as follows: sucrose 83.67%, reduction sugar 2.72% total sugar 90.57%, carbon 4.57% and the rest in the form of parfume (nipa specific). The other benefits of nypa forest utilization are to create employment and regional development.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Centre (FPRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106466

Study on the procesing of several kinds of nipa (Nypa fruticans) sugar and its application in the food processing as substitute of white sugar
Mempelajari pembuatan beberapa jenis gula nipah (Nypa fruticans) dan aplikasinya dalam pengolahan pangan sebagai substitusi gula pasir

Permana, G.B.
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 116p

Availability :
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Library, Bogor Agricultural University




NO. 107678

Study on the development of nypa palm industries in Waropen Atas and Waropen Bawah - Irian Jaya
Studi pengembangan industri gula merah dari nipah di Waropen Atas dan Waropen Bawah - Irian Jaya

Henanto, H.
Majalah BPPT [Journal of the Agency for Technological Study and Application] (LXVII): 1-13(1995)

Abstract:
This paper attemped to analyze the present situation and the possibilities of nypa development at Waropen Atas and Waropen Bawah, Irian Jaya. Nypa forests cover an area of 300, 000 hectares, which were widespread in swampy-coastal areas along the rivers. Nypa palm was one of the natural resources which had not yet been utilized in its utmost. In the short term, the development of nypa palm in Waropen Atas and Waropen Bawah should not be developed through large scale industries due to infrastructure, labour supply and technical reasons. Based on the study, the establishment of small scale nypa industries in Waropen Atas and Waropen Bawah were feasible. A good strategy in exploitation management and processing technology should be developed in order to obtain optimal utilization of nypa forests.

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 96449

Management of 'nipa' stand for leaf production in San Jose, Camarines Sur


Faylon, PS; America, LC; Joven, JEA
R & D Milestones: Forestry and Environment 4: 59 (2002)

Abstract:
The rehabilitation and management of 'nipa' (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) in a natural stand was studied over a three-year period in Barangay Dolo, San Jose, Camarines Sur.|Total rehabilitation of the stand lasted for two-years. This was shown by luxuriantly growing three to five fronds per plant and the sprout of shiny brown fruits.|The number of fronds increased from one to four or an average increment of 2% in three years. Number of leaflets increased by 44.20% from base year (1990) to year-end (1993). The number of raffia had an average increase of 6%.|Statistical analysis showed that number of leaves left had no significant effect on the dry and fresh yield of nipa leaves. Ideally, two to three leaves should be left in the nipa stand.

Availability :
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development Library




NO. 96703

Agri-nipa-aquaculture technology: a sustainable land use in the nipa-dominated wetlands of Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro


Baconguia, SR
Proceedings 14th STARRDEC Regional Symposium on Research and Development Highlights, Batangas State University, Batangas City, Philippines. 16-17 August 2001

Abstract:
Result shows that the intervention enhanced the ecosystem and provide greater income for the farmer. Agricultral crops successfully planted are salt-tolerant tomatoes, eggplant, upo, etc. After the third year implementation the farmer's income increase from a mere P500 year before plant implementation.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop




NO. 96737

Gone are the mangroves of the Manila Bay


Santos, L
Canopy International 26 (5): 8 (2000)

Abstract:
Mangrove ecosystem is a unique association of plant and animal species with great potential for both ecological and socio-economic uses. If mangrove destruction continues, the Manila Bay would eventually lose all its valuable resources and would disrupt vital eceological functions. If this happens, people who depend largely on fishing and other coastal-based or marine-based livelihood would suffer economically.

Availability :
Southern Tagalog Agriculture Resources Research and Development Consortium One Stop Information Shop