Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd
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NO. 67549

Uses of plants as fodder, dyes for bound-woven products, and for conservation of environment by the Lio ethnic group in Ende, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara
Penggunaan tumbuhan untuk bahan pakan, pewarna tenun ikat dan pelestarian lingkungan oleh suku Lio, Ende, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur

Temu, ST
Faculty of Veterinery Science; Nusa Cendana University; Kupang; East Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani , Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 Februari 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 390-394

Abstract:
Plants used by the Lio ethnic group in Flores, East Nusa Tenggara as fodder, for dyes and conservation of environment were discussed. 'Kembo' (mengkudu, Morinda cytrifolia) is used as fodder for cattle and as a dye for bound-woven products. However, 'kembo' has also been used for controlling erosion, improving micro-climate and supplyng oxygen. The same is also true for 'nio' (kelapa, Cocos nucifera), 'taru' (tarum, Indigofera spp.) and 'feo' (kemiri, Aleurites moluccana).

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 66402

Effects of initial treatments on the germination rate and germination percentage of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) seeds
Pengaruh perlakuan awal terhadap kecepatan berkecambah dan prosentase kecambah benih kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Suginingsih
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Buletin Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta [Bulletin of the Faculty of Forestry Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta] (18): 29-45 (1991)

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to observe the effect of initial treatments on the percentage and rate of germination of candle nut seeds. The treatments consisted of mechanical, physical and chemical treatments. Four mechanical treatments were: scrapping off part the microphyl, part of microphyl and the opposite part, all seed surface and slight breaking. The physical treatments consisted of: soaking in water of 50 °C, 75 °C, 100 °C, and burning. The chemical treatments consisted of soaking the seeds in various sulfuric acid concentrations of 10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% for 10 minutes. The results showed that the best treatment was the slight breaking treatment, followed by the scrapping off the whole surface and the lowest was soaking the seeds in 100% sulfuric acid.

Availability :
Library; Gadjah Mada University; Bulaksumur; P.O. Box 16; Yogyakarta 55281; Indonesia; phone: (62) (274) 89466, 902 642; fax: (62) (274) 3163




NO. 68772

Effects of pretreating of candlenut seeds on oil yield and properties
Pengaruh perlakuan pendahuluan biji kemiri terhadap rendemen dan sifat minyaknya

Wiyono, B; Hastoeti, P
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 11 (5): 174-178 (1993)

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to study the effects of pretreating candlenut seeds on oil yield and properties. The treatments given consist of dry-frying, steaming and control (without pretreatment). The dry-frying was carried out at 100 °C for 15 minutes, and steaming was carried out for 30 minutes at the same temperature. Each treatment was followed by pressing at 110 kg/cm2 at room temperature for 5 - 15 minutes. The data obtained were analyzed by using a Completely Randomized Design, and the difference between means were tested with the LSD procedure. The results showed that pretreatment gave a highly significant effect on oil yield, specific gravity, saponification number and unsaponifiable matter. It also provided a significant effect on acid number and acid content calculated as oleic acid. The dry-frying produced the highest oil yield, a higher specific gravity, and a lower acid number, acid content and unsaponifiable matter than the steaming pretreatment. Compared to the unpretreated, the dry-frying gave a higher saponification number and unsaponifiable matter. Based on the oil yield, specific gravity and acid number, the dry-frying method was the best pretreatment compared to the others. (Authors' abstract)

Availability :
Library; Forest and Nature Conservation Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5; Bogor 16001; West Java; Indonesia; P.O. Box 165; phone: (62) (251) 315 234, 315 567; fax: (62) (251) 325 111
Email: slitbang@indo.net.id




NO. 100206

Study on physico-chemical characteristics of candlenut and its processing methods
Penelitian sifat fisika-kimia kemiri dan cara pengolahannya

Mulyono, E; Hidayat, T; Sumangat, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Journal of Spice and Medicinal Crops 2 (1): 5-10 (1993)

Abstract:
As one of the agricultural export commodities from Indonesia, candlenut has a good prospect to develop. The problems which have been faced so far are the low and unstable product quality because of traditional and unstandardized processing practices. The objectives of this study were to characterize physical properties of candlenut, to analyze the chemical properties of candlenut oil as well as to evaluate the processing methods in order to achieve good product quality and appropriate processing method. The results on physical properties showed that the size of nuts taken from Kuningan (West Java) were larger than those from Serang (West Java) and Aceh. On the other hand, the chemical properties of their oils were relatively similar except of the acid number of the oil extracted from candlenut of Kuningan, which were slightly lower than the ones of Serang and Aceh. The acid numbers of the candlenut oils from Kuningan, Serang and Aceh were 0.26, 0.60 and 0.69, respectively. The experiment on processing method showed that good mechanical shelling of candlenut could be reached if the moisture content of shell and kernel were 1.76% and 2.25%, respectively. These moisture contents were achieved by drying treatment of the nuts at the temperature of 70 °C for 8 hours. On the other hand, the moisture content requirement for manual shelling both for shell and kernel were 2.10% and 1.34%, respectively, which were achieved by drying at 70 °C for 10 hours. It was also showed that treatment of boiling the nuts prior to drying at 100 °C did not produce good shelling product.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 102742

Effect of pretreatment of candlenut seeds on the yield and properties of oil produced
Pengaruh perlakuan pendahuluan biji kemiri terhadap rendemen dan sifat minyaknya

Wiyono, B; Hastoeti, P
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 11 (5): 174-178 (1993)

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to study the pretreatment effects of candlenut seeds on oil yield and its properties. Pretreatments consisted of dry-frying, steaming and unpretreatment. The dry-frying was carried out at 100 °C for 15 minutes, and steaming was carried out for 30 minutes at the same temperature. Each pretreatment was pressed at 110 kg/cm² and at a room temperature for 5 - 15 minutes. The data obtained were analyzed by using a Completely Randomized Design, and the difference between means were tested with the LSD productive. The results showed that pretreatments gave a highly significant effect on oil yield, specific gravity, saponification number and unsaponifiable matter. It also provided a significant effect on acid content and acid content calculated as oleic acid. The dry-frying produced the highest oil yield, a higher gravity, and a lower acid properties, acid content and unsaponifiable matter than the steaming pretreatment. Compared to the unpretreatment, the dry-frying gave a higher saponification number and unsaponifiable matter. Based on the oil yield, specific gravity and acid content, the dry-frying method is the best pretreatment compared to the others.

Availability :
Library; Forest and Nature Conservation Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5; Bogor 16001; West Java; Indonesia; P.O. Box 165; phone: (62) (251) 315 234, 315 567; fax: (62) (251) 325 111
Email: slitbang@indo.net.id




NO. 91011

Urea complexation of 'lumbang' oil fatty acids


Arida, VP; Ang Co, AU
The Philippine Journal of Science 111 (3-4): 125-134 (1982)

Abstract:
A process was devised for the fractionation of 'lumbang' oil fatty acids by complexing with urea using methanol as solvent. The amount of fatty acids, urea and methanol necessary for optimum separation of the saturated fatty acids have been established at a molar rato of 1:1:17.5. Other factors studied and found to affect the process are reaction temperature and time.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippine Country Office; PCARRD; Paseo de Valmayor, P.O. Box 425, Los Baños, Laguna 4030, The Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 536 0014 to 536 0020; fax: (63) (49) 536 0016, 536 0132
Email: prosea@ultra.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 91012

Improvement of the drying property of 'lumbang' oil. III. Re-esterification of highly saturated fatty acids with glycerol


Binlayo, DL; Arida, VP; Magyani, OF; Caro, CQ
The Philippine Journal of Science 110 (1-2): 11-16 (1981)

Abstract:
Re-esterification of the highly unsaturated fatty acids with glycerols improved the drying property of 'lumbang' oil with an increase of 25-30 iodine number units. Studies showed that 91-96% triglycerides came from the original oil. The optimum conditions for the laboratory re-esterification of the unsaturated 'lumbang' oil fatty acids have been established.

Availability :
PROSEA Philippine Country Office; PCARRD; Paseo de Valmayor, P.O. Box 425, Los Baños, Laguna 4030, The Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 536 0014 to 536 0020; fax: (63) (49) 536 0016, 536 0132
Email: prosea@ultra.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph




NO. 50288

Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 13. Spices


de Guzman, CC (ed); Siemonsma, JS (ed)
Department of Horticulture; College of Agriculture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; the Philippines

Low-price, paperback edition; Bogor; PROSEA Foundation; 1999; 400 p

Abstract:
This volume deals with the spices of South-East Asia. Spices are defined as those aromatic plants and their parts, fresh or dried, whole or ground, that are primarily used to impart flavour and fragrance to foods and drinks. The term is used in a wide sense and includes the culinary herbs. The volume complements the PROSEA volume 'Essential-oil plants' that deals with aromatic plants whose main use is for the extraction and use of essential oils. Spices are indispensable in the culinary art, used to create dishes that reflect the history, the culture and the geography of a country. Well-known examples are curry powder, houng-liu (five-spice powder), pizza herbs and 'fines herbes'. Spices, spice oils and spice oleoresins are also indispensable in the food and beverage manufacturing industry, the perfumery and cosmetic industry and the pharmaceutical industry. Some spices and derivatives possess antioxidant and antibiotic properties, which has increased interest in the commercial exploitation of aromatic plants for food preservation and crop protection. With the growing demand for natural and organic products and the increasing clamour to dispense with synthetic flavours and artificial food colouring, the future for spices seems bright. In this volume, 61 important spices are treated in 50 papers, and 65 species of minor importance are described briefly. A further 150 species, not primarily but secondarily used as a spice, are listed. The introductory chapter deals with general aspects of spices. A glossary is included to explain the terms used. Two indexes, of scientific and vernacular plant names, are provided.

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 50792

Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd.


Siemonsma, JS
Prosea Publication Office, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, the Netherlands

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 13: Spices; de Guzman, C.C. & Siemonsma, J.S. (eds); Paperback edition; Bogor, PROSEA Foundation, 1999; p 63-65

Abstract:
A comprehensive knowledge on Aleurites moluccana (Synonyms: Jatropha moluccana, Aleurites triloba, Juglans camirium), reviewed from selected literature sources, is presented.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 71440

Some fast-growing and oil-producing species used to reclaim bare hills
Loai thuc vat moc nhanh cung cap dau beo dung de phu xanh doi troc

Nguyen Nghia Thin
Hanoi University

Tap chi Lam nghiep [Journal of Forestry] 11: 17-18 (1986)

Abstract:
The author introduces some oil-producing species, which can be used in bare hills reclamation.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 69085

Study on the physico-chemical properties of candlenut and its processing method
Penelitian sifat fisika-kimia kemiri dan cara pengolahannya

Mulyono, E; Hidayat, T; Sumangat, D
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC), Bogor, Indonesia

Journal of Spices and Medicinal Crops 11 (1): 5-10 (1993)

Abstract:
A study was conducted with the objective to characterize the physical properties of candlenut, to analyze the chemical properties of candlenut oil, and to evaluate the processing method in order to achieve a good quality product and appropriate processing method. The results showed that the size of nuts taken from Kuningan (West Java) was larger than that of Serang (West Java) and Aceh (Sumatra). On the other hand the chemical properties of their oils were relatively similar, except for the acid number of the oil extracted from the nuts from Kuningan which was slightly lower than those from Serang and Aceh. The acid numbers of the oils from Kuningan, Serang and Aceh were 0.26, 0.60 and 0.69, respectively. The experiment on processing method showed that good mechanical shelling of nuts could be reached if the moisture content of shell and kernel were 1.76% and 2.25%, respectively. These moisture contents were achieved by drying the nuts at temperature of 70 ºC for 8 hours. The moisture contents required for manual shelling for shell and kernel were 2.10% and 1.34%, respectively, which were achieved by drying at 70 ºC for 10 hours. It was also showed that boiling the nuts prior to drying at 100 ºC did not produce good shelling product.

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication
Email: pustaka@calrec-aard.wasantara.net.id




NO. 103713

Suitability of tree species to the field condition in Sentani, Irian Jaya
Kesesuaian jenis pohon dengan kondisi lapang di Sentani, Irian Jaya

Hendromono; Wilaida, T; Mutiara, T; Sutisna, U
Paratropika 2 (2): 26-39 (1994)

Abstract:
Sentani hill area and the surroundings in Irian Jaya is one of barren areas in Indonesia due to erosion in wet seasons and fires in dry seasons. Reforestation and afforestation are alternatives to improve the ecosystem in this area. A research was conducted to select suitable species for this area and to recommend the next silvicultural actions. A fieldwork was conducted by ground survey and collecting secondary data. The primary data needed were physical and chemical properties of soil, slope, altitude, flora, pests and diseases. The secondary data needed were annual rainfall, number of wet and dry months, relative humidity, ambient temperature, maximum and minimum temperatures. The results showed that the most parts of the area were lacking of nutrients in varying degrees. The promising species for reforestation in the area were Acacia mangium, Anthocephalus chinensis, Calliandra calothyrsus, Cassia siamea, Gliricidia sepium, Intsia bijuga, Octomeles sumatrana, Paraserianthes falcataria, Pterocarpus indicus and Samanea saman. The species recommended for afforestation were Aleurites moluccana, Anacardium occidentale, Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Gnetum gnemon, Parkia speciosa and Pometia pinnata. Planting stocks for reforestation and afforestation should be of high quality and they should be planted at the beginning of the wet season. Plant protection from fire, pests and diseases should be done intensively.

Availability :
Library; Forest and Nature Conservation Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Jl. Gunung Batu No. 5; Bogor 16001; West Java; Indonesia; P.O. Box 165; phone: (62) (251) 315 234, 315 567; fax: (62) (251) 325 111




NO. 93336

Physical properties of some Philippine vegetable oils


Medinan, FA; Clemente, A
Natural and Applied Science Bulletin 4 (1): 61-92 (1934)

Abstract:
The physical properties of calupang (Sterculia foetida), palomaria de la Playa (Calophyllum inophyllum), pilinut (Canarium ovatum), cashew (Anacardium occidentale), kapok (Ceiba pentandra, lumbang (Aleurites moluccana), peanut (Arachis hypogaea), tangan-tangan (Ricinus comunis), tuba (Jatropha curcas), and coconut oils were determined. The data obtained seem to show that complete solubility of an oil in 95% alcohol may be taken as possible of the presence of hydroxylated fatty acids in the oil; and low congealing point, an indication of a drying oil. The data on viscosity seem to indicates that a lubricating oil may be produced by blending proper proportions of tangan-tangan and tuba oils or tangan-tangan and coconut oils.

Availability :
Main Library, University of the Philippines Los Baños; College, Laguna, Philippines; phone: (63) (49) 5362 326, 5362 235; fax: (63) (49) 3673
Email: vga@library.upb.edu.ph




NO. 100722

Biological conversion efficiency of edible white rotting fungi on sawdust subtrates
Efisiensi konversi biologi jamur pelapuk putih yang dapat dimakan pada substrat serbuk gergaji

Djarwanto; Suprapti, Sihati
Forest Products and Forestry Socio-Economics Research and Development Centre, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan: Peranan Mikrobiologi Dalam Industri Pangan [Proceedings of Annual Scientific Meeting; Roles of Microbiology in Food Industry], 10 Desember 1994; p 338-342

Abstract:
Five species of mushrooms i.e. Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus cystidiosus, Pleurotus flabellatus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Pleurotus sajor-caju are edible white rotting fungi. In a study those mushrooms were cultivated on sawdust substrate of jeunjing (Paraserianthes falcataria), rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), kemiri (Aleurites moluccana), mahoni (Swietenia macrophylla) and pulai (Alstonia scholaris) which were mixed with 10% of rice bran and 5% of lamtoro gung (Leucaena leucocephala) leaves and distilled water. Biological conversion efficiency (BE) was measured based on the percentage of the fresh weight of fruit bodies obtained from the weight of dried substrate. The result showed that the highest weight was found from Pleurotus ostreatus on kemiri, whereas the lowest was from Pleurotus on mahoni sawdust substrates. The highest BE values were found from Pleurotus flabellatus (50.56%), Pleurotus ostreatus (57.97%), and Pleurotus sajor-caju (51.80%), and the lowest was from Pleurotus cystidiosus. Substrates from rubberwood, kemiri and pulai were easier converted by white rotting fungi with the BE values 63.15%, 66.30% and 62.03%, respectively, rather than the mahoni's substrates by the BE of 6.32%.

Availability :
Library; Lembang Research Institute for Horticulture; Jl. Tangkuban Perahu No. 517; P.O. Box 8413 Lembang; Bandung 40391; Indonesia; phone: (62) (22) 2786 245; fax: (62) (22) 2786 416, 2786 025
Email: dir-riv@indo.net.id




NO. 66896

Ethnobotanical aspect of "Bingkeng", a traditional ceremony in Lebakrejo village, Purwodadi, Pasuruan, East Java
Etnobotani "Bingkeng" upacara tradisional di Desa Lebakrejo village, Purwodadi, Pasuruan, Jawa Timur

Soejono
Cabang BKR Purwodadi; Purwodadi; East Java, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 190-195

Abstract:
A study on the ethnobotanical aspect of "Bingkeng" a traditional ceremony in Lebakrejo village, Purwodadi, Pasuruan, East Java was held in August 1991. This tradition, probably had existed more than 100 years ago. Through interviews and observation on the spot, it was found that "Bingkeng" could be devided into four groups, the "Bingkeng", the "pengiring", the "sandingan" and the "ancak", each of them had their own materials for ceremony. This paper was attempted to describe various materials used in the ceremony. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 67204

Processing of kapok and candlenut woods for paper pulp
Pemasakan kayu randu dan kayu kemiri untuk pulp kertas

Haroen, WK; Elut, D; Sudarmin, A
Balai Penelitian Pulp, Balai Besar Selulosa; Bandung, Indonesia

Berita Selulosa [Cellulose News] 28 (3-4): 73-79 (1992)

Abstract:
The utilization of randu wood (kapok, Ceiba pentandra) and kemiri wood (candlenut, Aleurites moluccana) after its productive years could have positive implications in the search for new fibrous resources for paper industry. Preliminary pulping studies were made on randu and kemiri wood by the alkaline pulping processes: soda, soda anthraquinone and sulfate. The total pulp yields of randu wood were generally lower, but the delignification harder than that of kemiri wood. The pulp sheet strength properties of both woods were good. The utilization of kemiri and randu wood has good prospects. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Gadjah Mada University, Central Library




NO. 67546

Several plant species commonly used by local people in the Baluran National Park
Beberapa jenis tumbuhan yang umum dimanfaatkan penduduk setempat di Taman Nasional Baluran

Partomihardjo, T
Research and Development Centre for Biology, Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani [Proceedings of National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Cisarua-Bogor, 19-20 February 1992; Nasution, RE et al (eds); Jakarta, Perpustakaan Nasional R.I., 1992; p 368-374

Abstract:
Eight plant species commonly used by local people who settled down near Baluran National Park have been observed. It was found that tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is the most frequent in the lowland, while palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) the most common near Candi Bang. Variation in structure, population and distribution of the plants are discussed.

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 103680

Effects of seed treatments and pressing temperatures on the physico-chemical properties of candle nut oil
Pengaruh perlakuan pada biji dan suhu pengempaan terhadap sifat fisiko-kimia minyak kemiri

Wiyono, B
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 12 (6): 202-207 (1994)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the objective to study the effect of seed treatments and pressing temperatures on candle nut oil properties. The treatments consisted of steaming, dry-frying and control. The candle nut seeds that have been treated were pressed at temperatures of 65 °C and 135 °C. The data obtained were analysed by using factorial design, and the difference between means was tested with the LSD procedure, calculated with SAS programme. The results showed that an increase in pressing temperature caused a decrease in peroxidase number and an increase in iod number. The dry-frying treatment on seeds before pressing activities produced a few deterioration on candle nut oil, denoted by a high value of iod number and a small value of peroxidase and saponification numbers. Compared to the steaming treatment or the control, the dry-frying treatment gave a better quality of candle nut oil indicated by a higher value of iod number. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 102660

Potential Indonesian native tree species as multipurpose trees: An analysis of tree collections in the botanical gardens
Jenis-jenis pohon asli Indonesia yang potential sebagai pohon serbaguna: Suatu analisis terhadap koleksi pohon kebun raya

Roemantyo; Soewilo, LP; Sumaatmadja, G
Institute for the Development of Botanical Gardens; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis-Jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species], Bogor, 12-13 Mei 1993; Mile, MY et al. (Eds); Bogor, Badan Litbang Kehutanan, 1993; Vol. 3; p 209-215

Abstract:
A study was carried out on Indonesian native tree species, planted as collections in the Bogor, Cibodas (Cianjur), Purwodadi (Pasuruan) and "Eka Karya" (Bedugul, Bali) botanical gardens. It was recorded that people very much interested in 184 species of trees and shrubs belonging to 44 families and 117 genera. There were 3 families of which their species were attractive to the people and were also found in other botanical parks or gardens. Those were Arecaceae (27 species), Fabaceae (24 species) and Dipterocarpaceae (23 species). The problems related to the potential, the availability in nature, the technique of cultivation and seed supply were discussed. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre Library




NO. 103706

Chemical properties of soil, production and decomposition of litter fall under the stands of Leucaena leucocephala and Aleurites moluccana in Takalar regency
Sifat kimia tanah, produksi dan dekomposisi serasah di bawah tegakan Leucaena leucocephala dan Aleurites moluccana di Kabupaten Takalar

Halidah
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Journal] 7 (1): 34-48 (1993)

Abstract:
Interrelationship between soil and plant in timber estate development is very important, because the growth of plant depends on soil fertility beside that the plant will have effect on soil fertility. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of Leucaena leucocephala and Aleurites moluccana stands on soil fertility. The experiment was laid out following a Randomized Block Design with slopes as blocks and tree species as treatments. The results showed that the stands had effect on soil fertility in a significantly different way with regard to calcium (Ca) and organic matter. The annual dry weight of litter fall was 7,698 kg/ha/year under Leucaena leucocephala and 7,887.6 kg/ha/year under Aleurites moluccana stand. The decomposition rate of litter (twigs and leaves) of Leucaena leucocephala and Aleurites moluccana were respectively 19.54%/ month and 19.6%/ month. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 101990

Role of "sasi" on the utilization and conservation of spices and medicinal plants in the Moluccas
Peran sasi dalam pemanfaatan dan pelestarian beberapa tanaman rempah dan obat di Maluku

Hadad, EAM; Iskandar, T; Lukman, W
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar dan Lokakarya Nasional Etnobotani II [Proceedings of the 2nd National Seminar and Workshop on Ethnobotany], Yogyakarta, 24-25 Januari 1995; Nasution, RE et al. (eds); Buku 1; Jakarta, Ikatan Pustakawan Indonesia, 1995; p 71-76

Abstract:
The dependency of human beings on their environment has been known since our ancestors era. The social awareness in this case can still be seen e.g. in the form of "sasi" in several areas in the Moluccas. A case study was conducted in Mamala village, Ambon and Makian, Bacan. "Sasi" is a custom to preserve natural environment. By agreement of the village society, fruit harvesting time is decided, including its sanctions for the members of the society who do not obey, beside other rules. For example, the farmers are only allowed to harvest nutmeg fruits after there is an announcement that on average nutmeg fruits are already mature and can be picked up. Because of the charisma of the custom chief and the obedience of the society, the environment and maintenance of spices and medicinal crops look well developed. Spices and medicinal crops in this area are the main crops and become one of the main source of income. Therefore, its sustainability and wise use can be secured. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 103699

Techniques of seed treatment, seeding and planting of candlenut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Teknik perlakuan benih, pembibitan dan penanaman kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Suhartati
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Journal] 7 (1): 14-21 (1993)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted with the objective to find out the effect of seed treatment and shade intensity on the germination of candlenut seeds, the growth of thet seedlings in nursery, and the effect of weeding period on the survival of candlenut plants in the field. The result of this research showed that seed treatment by cracking could shorten the period of germination and resulted in a higher germination percentage. The most suitable media composition for candlenut in nursery is a mixture of soil and sand of 3 by 1 (3:1). The silvicultural treatment of candlenut could be done by weeding system. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 105731

Viability test of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Wild) seeds
Uji viabilitas benih kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Wild.)

Suripatty, BA; Makabori, Sylvia MA; Nurochim, N
Paratropika 3 (2): 20-22 (1996)

Abstract:
A seed viability test of Aleurites moluccana was conducted in the nursery of the Forest Research Institute, Manokwari in November 1992. A mixture of soil and sand with a ratio of 2:1 was used as medium. A total of 600 seeds of Aleurites moluccana were collected from the natural forest of Ransiki. The seeds were pre-treated as follows: A=seeds planted directly, B=seeds pressed or cracked, C=seed's epicarp peeled off, and D=fire treatment by covering the seeds with dry mass of burning sedge grass (Imperata cylindrica). The experiment was laid out following a Completely Randomized Design with 3 replications. Germination percentage and germination value were analyzed. The observation was done everyday and recording started when the radicle of the first seed emerged. The observation lasted until no more seed germination took place for three consecutive days. The results indicated that pre-treatment significantly affected the germination percentage but its effect was insignificant on the germination value. Cracked or peeled seeds had the highest germination percentages. To stimulate the germination of seeds in relatively short period of time, it was suggested that Aleurites seeds should be cracked or peeled before sowing. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Centre




NO. 103314

Processing of candle nut oil by using solvent extraction and pressing techniques
Pengelolaan minyak kemiri dengan cara pelarutan dan pengempaan

Wiyono, B
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 13 (3): 110-117 (1995)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the processing of candle nut oils by using solvent extraction and pressing techniques. In the solvent extraction technique, several solvents were applied in the experiment. The solvent was used to extract the treated candle nut seeds. In the pressing technique, five levels of pressing temperature were applied to extract untreated candle nut seeds. The effect of temperatures was evaluated by using a Completely Randomized Design. Relationship between pressing temperature and oil properties was analysed using a polynomial orthogonal method. Results showed that hexane solvent with pure analytical grade was the best solvent to extract candle nut oils as indicated by the highest yield of oil. Using this solvent, a dry-frying treatment on candle nut seeds gave the highest yield of oil, compared to boiling and control treatments. In the pressing technique, increase of pressing temperature gave a highly significant effect on yields, specific gravity, peroxide and iodine number. It also gave a significant effect on saponifiable number. A polynomial analysis showed that pressing temperatures had a highly significant quadratic relation with oil yield or iodine number, a linear relation with peroxide number of specific gravity, and a significant cubic relation with saponification number. Based on regression equation for iodine number, the optimum value of iodine number was obtained at the 93 °C pressing temperature. At this temperature, the oil yield which could be produced was 59.79%. The candle nut oil produced at this temperature was of the best quality, as indicated by the highest value of iodine number 97.28. (Modified author's abstract)

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office
Email: info@proseanet.org|prosea@indo.net.id




NO. 103710

Height and diameter growth of Aleurites moluccana seedlings in three sizes of polybags
Pertumbuhan tinggi dan diameter semai Aleurites moluccana pada tiga ukuran koker

Auri, JP; Nurochim, N
Paratropika 2 (2): 12-14 (1994)

Abstract:
A weaning trial of Aleurites moluccana, using a Completely Randomized Design with three levels of meassure as treatments. A (height 14 cm, diameter 8 cm), B (height 18 cm, diameter 9 cm), and C (height 20 cm, diameter 13 cm). The number of seedlings was 270 with average height 16 cm and average diameter 6.7 mm, with three treatments and three replications. The seedlings were planted in polybags, filled with topsoil from the primary forest Gunung Meja Manokwari, and placed under shade. The result showed that the correlation between size of polybags and height growth is highly significant, and significant for diameter growth. The rate number of growth for each treatment are C (height 16.08 cm; diameter 8.95 mm), B (height 15.23 cm; diameter 9.96 mm), and A (height 15.45 cm; diameter 8.23 mm) respectively. The high number for height growth of treatment C is non significant than of A and B treatments. It is suggested that polybags for weaning should have heights of 20 cm and diameters of 10 cm.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 102762

Some information on seed technology of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Beberapa informasi teknologi benih kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Komar, TE; Nurhasybi
Forest Tree Seed Centre; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis-Jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species], Bogor, 12-13 Mei 1993; Mile, MY et al. (Eds); Bogor, Badan Litbang Kehutanan, 1993; Vol. 3; p 30-44

Abstract:
Aleurites moluccana or candle nut tree is considered as one of the multipurpose tree species found in Indonesia. This tree has been planted traditionally throughout the country for various purposes. It can be planted easily and does not require intensive care. Aleurites moluccana flowers and fruits every year, and starts producing seeds after the age of 3 years. In plantation it has problems in producing uniform seedlings in a short period of time due to the presence of seed dormancy. Some seeds germinate very slowly. To get 100 germinated seeds will take approximately 100 days or at least three months. Through appropriate pretreatment, the germination period can be shortened. Some trials concerning their slow germination had been conducted by various agencies. Results of the trials were presented in this paper. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 103694

Sawmilling and woodworking properties of several timber species of the industrial plantation forest
Sifat penggergajian dan pengerjaan beberapa jenis kayu HTI

Rohadi, D; Ginoga, B
Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 12 (1): 5-8 (1994)

Abstract:
This paper reports on studies of sawmilling and woodworking properties of 3 timber species, derived from some plantation areas in Java. Logs of candlenut (Aleurites moluccana), pine (Pinus merkusii) and Pinus oocarpa were sawn using 44 inch bandsaw to produce various sizes of board. Following drying to approximately 15% of moisture content, the boards were observed for their machining properties. The dried boards were processed further into various products and furnitures. Sawmilling trials showed that the average sawn timber recoveries for the respective species were 45%, 60% and 73%. Regardless to the limited length and width of the resulted boards from the sawmilling process, due to the small log diameters, a satisfactory jointing board can be produced through the application of finger and edge jointing machines. All species showed to have good machining properties and good workability. Either fresh logs or wood can be utilized for poducing various turning products, handicrafts or even furnitures such as tables and chairs. The study showed potential utilization of plantation material for various wood products. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 103698

Biometrical study on candlenut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) plantation forest; the compilation of volume table for candlenut
Studi biometrik hutan tanaman kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) penyusunan tabel volume pohon kemiri

Seran, D; Malamassam, D
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Journal] 7 (1): 1-5 (1993)

Abstract:
An accurate prediction to obtain benefit from a given forest enterprise can only be made if the growth potential of the forest is previously known. Furthermore, the accuracy of growth potential prediction is dependent upon available prediction methods and tools. Volume Table or Volume Tariff is one of the important tools for the mentioned purpose. A study was conducted to analyze the relationship among tree volume, diameter and height of candlenut (Aleurites moluccana) trees, and to find out the relationship model that can be used in the compilation of a Volume Tabel/Tariff for the species. The analysis was made on the basis of data collected in Ko'mara-Takalar and Malawa-Maros, South Sulawesi, the regions where candlenut has been traditionally cultivated. As a result, a Volume Tabel for candlenut can be made on the basis of the function V= -100,4214 + 1,0849 ln D + 2,0496 ln T. For the candlenut trees in Ko'mara-Takalar particularly, a Volume Tariff can be made on the basis of the function V = -0,3060 + 0,3758 D. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 106570

Candlenut
Kemiri

Hadad, EAM; Suryana, OU
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor, Indonesia

Edisi Khusus Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat [Special Issue on Spice and Medicinal Crops Research] 11 (1): 33-45 (1995)

Abstract:
Candlenut is one of the potential export commodities of Indonesia and the crop is widely spread in different regions of the country. Some parts of the plant are utilized for different purposes, namely as spice (endosperm) or traditional medicine. There is a collection of 612 accessions of candlenut germplasms from Aceh, NTT, West Java, East Java and Maluku preserved ex situ in Sukamulya. According to an evaluation it was shown that candlenut from Aceh had high variations in weight of endosperm, ranging from 2.49-3.58 g/nut, while the shape of nut was more homogeneous with lengths of 28.7-31.88 mm. The shape of nut from Kupang and TTS was more homogeneous with weights of 3.18-4.81 g/nut, while the shape of nut was the same as that from Aceh. Other accessions are still to be evaluated in the collection garden. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library
Email: perpubb@indo.net.id




NO. 103700

Study on site quality indices of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana)
Studi kelas bonita tegakan kemiri (Aleurites moluccana)

Malamassam; Seran, D
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Journal] 7 (1): 22-26 (1993)

Abstract:
Candlenut (Aleurites moluccana) has been traditionally cultivated in various regions, especially in South Sulawesi, for the purpose of fruit/seed production. Recently, the species is being planted on forest land for the purpose of wood as well as fruit/seed production. To support the plantation of the species in the future, various information regarding its growth potential as well as site condition are needed. Among other information, site index is one of the necessary basic information for growth prediction normally identified by height growth of dominant trees. A study was conducted to find out a quantitative indicator for the site of the candlenut stands. The analysis was conducted based on data collected in Ko'mara-Takalar and Mallawa-Maros, South Sulawesi. As a result it is shown that the maximum growth of candlenut stands for a site index of 17 seems to be reached before the age of 35 years. On the other hand, the stands with higher site indices are still growing in a significant rate after the age of 40 years. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre, Library




NO. 106590

Research on modes of processing and try out of tool for peeling candlenut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Penelitian proses pengolahan dan uji coba alat pengupas biji kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Raulah, S; Upe, IA; Hartati, E; Nurbakti, AM; Arifudin, M; Agusalim; Sahla
Ujung Pandang Institute for Industry; Ujung Pandang, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Majalah Kimia [Chemistry Journal] (54): 1-7 (1995)

Abstract:
Research on modes of processing and try out of tool for peeling candlenut (Aleurites moluccana) has been conducted. The purpose of this research is to find out te best treatment of producing intact peeled candlenut. This research applied variations of temperature, i.e. 70 and 80 °C, durations of drying of 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 hours and sizes of fully developed fruits of 14, 12, 10 inches. The result of this research shows that the highest production of intact peeled candlenut was obtained at the temperature of 70 °C, after drying for 48 hours and from fully developed fruits of 10 inches. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences
Email: ariebud@indo.net.id




NO. 108379

Inventory of parasitic weeds of candlenut plantations in West Sumatra
Inventarisasi gulma parasit yang menyerang tanaman kemiri di Sumatera Barat

Nurmansyah; Nusyirwan; Nasrun
Installation for Research and Study of Agricultural Technology; Laing, Solok, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Prosiding I. Konferensi Nasional XIII & Seminar Ilmiah Himpunan Ilmu Gulma Indonesia [1st Proceedings: XIII National Conference & Scientific Seminar of the Indonesian Weed Science Society], Bandar Lampung, 5-7 November 1996; Sriyani, N et al. (eds); Bandar Lampung, Himpunan Ilmu Gulma Indonesia, 1996; p 106-110

Abstract:
Inventory of parasitic weeds of candlenut (Aleurites moluccana) plantations was carried out in a farm in West Sumatra, using a survey method. The parasitic weeds were collected and identified in the botanical laboratory of the Andalas University, Padang. The results shows that there were two parasitic plants infecting the candlenut plants: the first and most common was Scurrula ferruginea (Loranthus ferrugineus), the second, which was low in population, was Loranthus chrysanthus. The parasitic weeds infected candlenut after production; 61% of the 5 to 10-year-old plants were infected with 37.50% infection intensity, and 86.66% of the 10-year-old plants were infected with 64.75% infection intensity. However, among plants of less than 4 years old, the percentage of parasitic infection were low (0.66%) with 2.08% intensity. Scurrula ferruginea also infected kapok, cocoa, gambier, cashew, coffee and cinnamon, but the infection intensity was low. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Robinson Harahap; Herbarium Bogoriense; Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 22; Bogor 16122; West Java; Indonesia; phone: (0251) 322 035; fax: (62) (251) 336 538
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 108543

Effectiveness test of some essential oils on some pathogenic bacteria in vitro
Uji efektivitas beberapa minyak atsiri pada beberapa bakteri patogen secara in vitro

Rahayu, RD; Harapini, M; Chairul
Research and Development Institute for Botany, Research and Development Centre for Biology, LIPI; Bogor, Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Nasional I Tumbuhan Obat dan Aromatik [Proceedings of the 1st National Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants], Bogor, 10-12 Oktober 1995; Gandawidjaja, D et al. (eds); Bogor, Simpul Nasional APINMAP Puslitbang Biologi - LIPI & Unesco, 1996; p 249-260

Abstract:
Essential oils from Cinnamomum sintoc, Cinnamomum burmanni, Cinnamomum verum (synonym: Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Litsea and Aleurites moluccana were contacted to Klebsiella, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Salmonella typhosa, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus at concentrations of 15, 10 and 5% in a factorial experiment with 2 replications. The results indicated that the essential oil from Cinnamomum verum was the most effective in inhibiting the bacteria's growth followed by Cinnamomum burmanni, Litsea, Cinnamomum sintoc and the last was that of Aleurites moluccana. The most effective concentration was 10%. Staphylococcus aureus produced the widest inhibiting growth's zone followed by Salmonella typhosa, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella. The use of essential oil to retard the growth of Klebsiella, Streptococcus and Salmonella typhosa was proved effective whereas the three bacteria were resistant to penicillin at concentration of 10 æg and streptomycin at 10 æg; all of the essential oils were less effective in retarding the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis compared to the two antibiotics. Escherichia coli was resistant to penicillin at 10 æg but not to streptomycin at 10 æg, only the essential oils of Cinnamomum burmanni and Cinnamomum verum were effective in retarding the growth of Staphylococcus aureus compared to both antibiotics. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 109152

Site quality evaluation of several trees at Tanjungan Research Station, Lampung
Evaluasi tapak tanaman beberapa jenis pohon di kebun percobaan Tanjungan, Lampung

Butarbutar, T; Harahap, RMS; Sembiring, S
Buletin Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Bulletin] 13 (2): 147-157 (1997)

Abstract:
A study was undertaken at the Forestry Research Station, Tanjungan, Lampung. Five sites, consisting of four plantation sites and a piece of bareland were subjected to the evaluation. Each plantation site comprised one tree species, i.e. sungkai (Peronema canescens), candlenut (Aleurites moluccana), gamal (Gliricidia sepium, synonym: Gliricidia maculata) and puspa (Schima wallichii). Soil characteristics of the corresponding site were observed in accord with the FAO procedures. Soil physical and chemical properties were tested at a soil laboratory in Medan. The results showed that physical and chemical properties were relatively similar amongst all sites, but the horizon of gamal plantation site was thicker than the other sites. The presence of ground vegetation tends to cause several changes on soil characteristics. There has been a considerable alkaline leaching out at the research plot area. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library
Email: herbogor@indo.net.id




NO. 91961

Development of oil finish from castor plant (Ricinus communis L.) seeds


Tavita, YL; Manas, AE
Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI) Journal 13 (1-4): 15-29 (1989)

Abstract:
Oil from castor beans was studied for suitability as a finishing material in furniture. The beans yielded about 48.5% oil using the solvent extraction process. Extraction of oil by means of a manually operated slurry press yielded 43.9% to 46.02% oil. Raw castor oil was dehydrated to convert it to a non-drying oil. Of the two dehydration conditions tried, heating the oil at 240 °C for 20 minutes in the presence of activated clay resulted in partial dehydration effects. Some physical and chemical properties of raw, dehydrated castor oil, such as specific gravity, viscosity, iodine value, saponification value, acid value and hydroxyl value were analyzed. Infrared spectrum of the oil was also determined. Nine formulations of finishing oil using raw, dehydrated and boiled dehydrated castor oil were prepared. Along with a commercial finishing oil which served as a control, the oil systems were applied on the surface of narra and tangile samples. Performance evaluation was conducted on drying time, brushability, grain-raising property, consumption pattern and resistance to household liquids and hot and cold water. Findings generally favour the use of boiled dehydrated castor oil over other formulations and commercial oil.

Availability :
Reading Center; Institute of Forestry; Tarlac College of Agriculture; Camiling; Tarlac; Philippines; phone: (63) (45) 9340 216; fax: (63) (45) 9340 216
Email: tca@mozcom.com




NO. 95281

Anatomical structure of Philippine trees in relation to the occurrence of wooliness or fuzziness in veneer manufacture


Alonzo, DS; Lopez, FR; Valmonte, AD
FORPRIDE (Forest Products Research and Industries Development) Digest 5: 22-40 (1976)

Abstract:
The occurrence of wooliness of the surfaces of lumbang veneer was studied based on the structure of the wood. The characteristic wooliness of the veneers cut is associated with the presence of tension wood. The fibers in tension wood show the presence of an unlignified layer called the gelatinous layer (G-Layer). The specific gravity of tension wood is higher than normal wood from the pith and to the bark. However, the pattern of variation is similar in both normal and tension woods. Irrecoverable collapse and high longitudinal shrinkage were exhibited by veneers with wooly surfaces. This is attributed to the absence of incrusting substances between the microfibrils, resulting in the formation of strong hydrogen bonds. Moreover, the highly crystalline nature of the cellulose in tension wood, together with the effect of S1 layer contributed to its higher longitudinal shrinkage.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 76313

Aleurites moluccana
Cay lai

Pham Van Nguyen
Nhung cay co dau beo tai Vietnam [Fat and oil plants of Vietnam]; Hanoi, Scientific and Technical Publishing House, 1981; p 60-64

Abstract:
Aleurites moluccana originates from Asia. It is distributed in many tropical and subtropical areas of Asia and Australia. In Vietnam, this tree is commonly found in Bac thai, Cao Bang, Ha Tuyen, and Hoang Lien Son provinces. It likes light and hot climate but can adapt to cold. It regenerates very strongly by seed. The seed contains 60% oil. The fatty acid of this oil consists of linoleic acid 33-48%, oleic acid 10-35%, palmitic acid 4-9%, and stearic acid 4-7%. This oil is used in chemical industry.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam




NO. 111618

Effect of temperature and cooking time of candle-nut seed on its oil properties
Pengaruh suhu dan waktu pemasakan biji kemiri terhadap sifat minyaknya

Yusnita, E; Wiyono, B; Setyawan, D
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research and Development Centre]; Bogor, Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Bulletin] 17 (2): 101-112 (1999)

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of temperature and cooking time of candle-nut seed on its oil properties. The experiment was laid out factorially following a Completely Randomized Designs. The factors were cooking temperature, in 3 levels (95 °C, 105 °C and 115 °C); and cooking time, in 4 levels (20, 30, 40 and 50 minutes). Analysis of variance showed that temperature and cooking time did not significantly affect the yield, specific gravity, refractive index and peroxide number of the oil. However, cooking time affected viscosity, free fatty acid content and iod number significantly. On the other hand, temperature and cooking time interacted, thereby affecting saponification number and transmission of the candle-nut oil significantly. Range test using least significantly difference revealed that the highest yield of candle-nut oil (52.72%) was accompanied with its satisfactory physico-chemical properties as obtained at 95°C and cooking time of 30 minutes. At those temperature and cooking time, its physico-chemical properties were comparable with those of linseed oil, i.e. specific gravity= 0.9268, refractive index= 1.4739, viscosity= 50.37cp, transmission= 79.30%, free fatty acid content= 1.6380%, iod number= 158.75, peroxide number= 1.1572 mg O2 per 100 gr, and saponification number= 191.12. Temperature and cooking time at 105 °C and 20 minutes, respectively, could be used as another alternative of cooking condition to obtain oil with satisfactory properties as well. (Modified authors' abstract)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense Library




NO. 95785

Modification of some properties of almaciga (Agathis philippinensis) resin varnish


Tavita, YL; Escolano, EU; Moredo, FC
Forest Products Research and Development Institute (FPRDI) Journal 20 (3-4): 1-10 (1991)

Abstract:
Some properties of almaciga resin varnish were modified by adding varying amounts of lumbang (Aleurites mollucana) oil as plasticizer. The three varnish formulations prepared contained the same amount of almaciga resin and ethyl alcohol (95%) but differed in the quantity of incorporated lumbang oil. The performance of these formulations were evaluated under laboratory conditions by applying them on tangile (Shorea polysperma) wood samples. Formulation LO-VA III which had the highest amount of oil produced tougher coating but lower adhesion property. The low-oil formulation LO-VA I did not show resistance to high and low temperatures. Formulation LO-VA II might have the right amount of oil added since it exhibited some properties comparable with the reference commercial lacquer.

Availability :
Forest Products Research and Development Institute, College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños




NO. 4201

Effects of tannin from Acacia decurrens and amylum from Manihot utilissima on hardboard properties
Pengaruh tannin Acacia decurrens dan amylum Manihot utilissima terhadap sifat-sifat hardboard

Zihismail
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1969; 51p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia




NO. 5132

Reforestation in Indonesian Timor


Hadi, S
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Indonesia

Paper presented at the 13th Pacific Science Congress, Vancouver, Canada, 1975; 7p

Availability :
SEAMEO-BIOTROP Library




NO. 8070

Dryland farming: Problems and their solution
Perladangan: Masalah dan pemecahannya

Banjarbaru Agricultural Information Service; South Kalimantan; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian Banjarbaru [Banjarbaru Agricultural Information Bulletin] (4): 12-13(1980/1981)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 63633

Candle nut growing
Bercocok tanam kemiri

Anonymous
East Timor Agricultural Information Service (03); 1988-1989

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 67581

Identification of fatty acids in several vegetable oils
Identifikasi asam lemak pada beberapa minyak nabati

Budi-Saroso
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops; Malang; East Java; Indonesia

Buletin Tembakau dan Serat [Tobacco and Fibre Crops Bulletin] 1 (12): 26-29 (1992)

Availability :
Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops Library; Malang; East Java; Indonesia




NO. 67892

Prevention against dry wood moths (Heterobus trychus aequalis Wat.) of wood as raw material for handicrafts
Pencegahan terhadap bubuk kayu kering (Heterobus trychus aequalis wat) pada kayu bahan baku kerajinan

Lempang, M; Sumardjito, Z
Forestry Research Institute; Ujung Pandang; South Sulawesi; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan [Forestry Research Journal] 6 (2): 48-55 (1992)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 67911

Indonesian wood atlas vol.II


Martawijaya, A; Kartasujana, I; Kadir, K; Prawira, S.A
Forest Product Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia

Forest Product Research and Development Centre; Bogor VI (1992), 168p

Availability :
PROSEA Network Office




NO. 69029

Identification of blue stain fungi attacking various species of Indonesian timbers
Identifikasi jamur "blue stain" yang menyerang berbagai jenis kayu Indonesia

Darma, I.G.K Tapa
Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; Bogor; Indonesia

Technical Notes 5 (1): 27-32 (1993)

Abstract:
Some fungi causing blue stain on some species of Indonesian timbers constantly isolated and identified as Ceratocystis brunneo-ciliata Davids attacked ramin timber; Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. attacked pine timber, rubber and 'kemiri' woods; Homodendron sp. attacked rubber wood and Macrophoma sp. attacked 'jeunjing' timbers. (Revised author's abstract)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 69059

Family medicinal crops
Tanaman obat keluarga (Toga)

Anonymous
Liptan (Lembaran Informasi Pertanian/Agricultural Information Leaflet); Balai Informasi Pertanian Kalimantan Timur No.168/APBN/1993

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 91872

RP has 44 plants that are potential diesel substitute


Sarian, Z (ed.)
Manila Bulletin; April 1, 1997

Abstract:
The Philippines has 44 potential energy plants, or liquid biofuels which are derived directly or indirectly from plants. Fuel exudates from some herbs, vines, shrubs, when physically or chemically processed can perform well as motor fuel.

Availability :
Library; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development; Los Ba¤os; Laguna




NO. 100154

Post-harvest of candle nut (Aleuritus moluccana L.)
Pasca panen kemiri

Somantri, A.S; Marwati, T
Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri [Communication Media of the Industrial Crops Research and Development] (13): 8-11 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 100882

Planting candle nut
Bercocok tanam kemiri

Anonymous
West Kalimantan Agricultural Information Service; Pontianak; Indonesia

LIPTAN; Balai Informasi Pertanian Kalimantan Barat; Departemen Pertanian; [Agricultural Information Sheet; West Kalmantan Agricultural Information Service; Ministry of Agriculture]; Agdex: 164 No.14/1992 (1992)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 100885

Cultivation candle nut
Budidaya kemiri

Anonymous
Maluku Agricultural Information Service; Ambon; Indonesia

LIPTAN; Balai Informasi Pertanian Maluku; Departemen Pertanian; Agdex: 164/10 [Agricultural Information Sheet; Maluku Agricultural Information Service; Ministry of Agriculture]; No.01/93-94 (1993)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107606

Study of intercropping in areal of industrial plantation forest
Studi tumpangsari pada areal hutan tanaman industri

Sallata,M.K.
Prosiding Diskusi/Ekspose Hasil-Hasil & Program Penelitian & Pengembangan Pelita VI [Proceedings of the Discussion/Expose on Results and Research & Development Programme of the 4th Pelita]; BPK Ujung Pandang, 31 Maret 1995; p.244-255

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 650

The growth of six tree species in the agroforestry experimental plots at Kokap, Yogyakarta
Pertumbuhan enam jenis pohon dalam petak percobaan agroforestry di Kokap, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Satjapradja, O; Sukandi, T; Soehirlan, B
Laporan Balai Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Institute Report] (389): 1-28 (1982)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 843

Planting trial of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) at the former shifting cultivation area in Tanjung Bintang, South Lampung, Sumatra
Percobaan penanaman kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) di areal bekas perladangan Tanjung Bintang, Lampung Selatan, Sumatera

Gintings, AN; Semadi, IGK
Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Institute Report] (339): VII, 1-5 (1980)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1395

Investigation on the industrial utility of nine Indonesian fast growing timber species
Onderzoek van een negental snellgroeiende Indische houtsoorten op hun bruikbaarheid voor de industrie

Spoon, W
Tectona 37 (3/4): 73-87 (1947)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 1613

The domestic tung industry I: Production and improvement of the tung tree


Potter, GF
Agriculture Research Service; US Department of Agriculture; Bogalusa; Louisiana; USA

Economic Botany 13: 328-341 (1959)

Availability :
UPSEA; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2161

Traditional cultivation of 'rotan sega' (Calamus caesius) in Loksado, South Kalimantan
Budidaya tradisional rotan sega (Calamus caesius) di Loksado, Kalimantan Selatan

Sutiyono; Durahim, D; Muzani, A
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia

Buletin Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Bulletin] (511): 41-51 (1989)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2457

The prospects of Leucaena leucocephala, Gmelina arborea and Schizolobium sp. as sources of wood for pulp
Prospek pengembangan Leucaena leucocephala (var.K28,K8), Gmelina arborea dan Schizolobium sp. sebagai sumber kayu pulp

Alrasjid, H
Forest Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Berita Selulosa [Cellulose News] 17 (1): 1-6 (1981)

Availability :
Bogor Botanical Gardens; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2618

Wood and bamboo as handicraft materials, Part I
Kayu dan bambu untuk barang kerajinan, Bagian I

Martawijaya, A (ed.)
Forest Products Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Institute Report] No.76; 1977; p1-38

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2760

Neutral sulphite semi-chemical pulping trials on five fast growing timber species
Percobaan pembuatan pulp semi kimia sulfit netral pada lima jenis kayu tumbuh cepat

Sumantri, I; Sastrodimedjo, S
Forest Products Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Institute Report] (83): 1-12 (1977)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 2815

The effect of phenol-formaldehyde binder on the properties of hardboard from mixed wood based on specific gravity grouping
Pengaruh penambahan fenol formaldehida terhadap sifat hardboard kayu campuran berdasarkan pengelompokan berat jenis

Siagian, RM
Forest Products Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan [Forest Products Research Journal] 4 (2): 10-15 (1987)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 3512

Candle nut trees in sedge-grassland
Kemiri di padang alang-alang

Anonymous
Padang Agricultural Information Service; West Sumatera; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian, Padang [Agricultural Information Bulletin, Padang] (3): 32 (1982-1983)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 4160

Study on the possibility of the utilization of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) wood as structural building material observed from its physical and mechanical properties
Studi kemungkinan penggunaan kayu kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) sebagai bahan bangunan struktural dilihat dari sifat fisis dan mekanis

Santoso, E
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1987; 104p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4200

Cooking a mixture of common bamboo and candle nut wood by the sulphate process
Pemasakan campuran bambu ampel dan kemiri dengan proses sulfat

Kassim, I
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1969; 102p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4210

Some anatomical characteristics of the culm of common bamboo and the wood of candle nut tree in relation to their uses as a raw material for pulp and paper
Beberapa sifat anatomi bambu ampel dan kemiri sehubungan dengan kegunaannya sebagai bahan mentah pulp dan kertas

Kassim, I
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1970; 31p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4266

The manufacture of pulp from a mixture of bamboo culm, cadamba and candle nut wood by the sulphate method
Pembuatan pulp campuran bambu, jabon dan kemiri dengan proses sulfat

Suwandi, S.U
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1973; 102p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4360

A possibility in the cultivation of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) as forest plantation in Lampung
Kemungkinan penanaman kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) sebagai tanaman kehutanan di Lampung

Kesuma, B.P
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1977; 169p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4392

Effect of the amount of active alkali on the bleaching of sulphate pulps of timbers from peoples' plantations
Pengaruh jumlah alkali aktif terhadap pemutihan pulp sulfat dari kayu tanaman rakyat

Elias
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1980; 98p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 4868

Observation on the implementation of regreening in Babakan Madang, Karang Tengah and Bojong Koneng villages, Citeureup Subdistrict, Citeureup Subwatershed, Bekasi Watershed
Tinjauan pelaksanaan penghijauan di desa Babakan Madang, Desa Karang Tengah dan Desa Bojong, Kecamatan Citeureup, Sub DAS Citeureup, Daerah Aliran Sungai Bekasi

Polem, T.Y
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1984; 85p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 5368

Vegetable oil-producing plants as main raw materials for paint in Indonesia
Tanaman penghasil minjak nabati sebagai bahan baku utama tjat di Indonesia

Sitindjak, K
Faculty of Agriculture; North Sumatra University; Medan; Indonesia

Kultura [Culture] 4 (35): 10-17 (1969)

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 5649

Utilization of Indian walnut (Aleurites moluccana), a multipurpose tree species for forest plantation
Penggunaan jenis pohon serbaguna kemiri (Aleurites moluccana) untuk hutan tanaman

Mulyadi, A.T
Ministry of Forestry; Jakarta; Indonesia

Prosiding Pertemuan Koordinasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the Meeting on Coordination of Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Soemarna, K et al (eds.); Bogor; 1989; p151-176

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 6439

Correlation between lignin content and the cell-wall thickness of nine timber species from East Java
Hubungan kadar lignin dengan tebal dinding sel dari sembilan jenis kayu asal Jawa Timur

Haroen, H
Thesis; Bogor; Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry; 1980; 38p

Availability :
Bogor College of Analytic Chemistry Library




NO. 7978

Cultivation of candle nut
Bercocok tanam kemiri

Anonymous
Banda Aceh Agricultural Information Service; Banda Aceh; Indonesia

Balai Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Service] No.5; 1985/1986; 6p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 34118

Lumbang oil for the manufacture of alkyd resin


Rodriguez, C.E
Science Bulletin 8 (2): 67-71 (1963)

Availability :
National Library; Manila; Philippines




NO. 8077

Regreening in West Nusa Tenggara
Penghijauan di NTB

Anonymous
West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; West Nusa Tenggara; Indonesia

Buletin Informasi Pertanian NTB [West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Bulletin] (3): 4-5 (1981/1982)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9032

Effects of two seed scarification methods of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) on the their viability
Pengaruh dua cara skarifikasi benih Aleurites moluccana Willd. terhadap viabilitasnya

Handayani, N
Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1990; 56p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 9684

Candle nut tree can suppress the growth of sedge grass
Tanaman kemiri bisa menekan pertumbuhan alang-alang

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Lembang [Lembang Agricultural Information Bulletin] (3): 10 (1982/1983)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9710

Candle nut and its uses
Kemiri dan manfaatnya

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Ujung Pandang [Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Bulletin] 5 (2): 9-10 (1982)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9774

Getting to know some plants for regreening
Mengenal beberapa jenis tanaman penghijauan

Anonymous
West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; 1983; 36p

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9786

Candle nut growing in the sedge grass fields
Penanaman kemiri di padang alang-alang

Anonymous
Buletin Informasi Pertanian Aceh [Aceh Agricultural Information Bulletin] 1 (4): 10 (1981/1982)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 9926

Method of growing candle nut
Cara bertanam kemiri

Anonymous
West Nusa Tenggara Agricultural Information Service; 1980; No.3

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 10406

A forgotten oil crop: Physic nut
Phuet namman thi thuk luem: Makyao

Pothan, N
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 54 (2): 158-159 (1981)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10410

Tung oil
Ma-yao

Chanthawong, P
Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

Kasikorn [Farmers Journal] 60 (4): 365-368 (1987)

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 10545

Tung oil
Ton tung oil

Kunthongkham, S
Kasikorn [Farmers Bulletin] 9 (4): 509-516 (1936)

Availability :
Library; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 11034

Vegetable oil for industrial uses
Namman phuet phua chai nai uttasahakam

Chanthawong, P
Agricultural Chemistry Division; Department of Agriculture; Bangkok; Thailand

[Proceedings of the National Forestry Conference, held at the Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, Thailand, November 18-22, 1985]; p105-118

Availability :
Thai National Documentation Centre; Bangkok; Thailand




NO. 30221

Anatomical structure of lumbang as regards wooliness in veneer manufacture


Alonzo, D.S; Lopez, F.R; Valmonte, A.D
Forpride Digest 3 (3): 71 (1974)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30234

Activation of lumbang charcoal by the zinc chloride method


Laxamana, N.B
Forpride Digest 1 (4): 40 (1972)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30287

Hastening the germination of lumbang [Aleurites moluccana (L.)Willd.] seeds


Eakle, T.W; Garcia, A.J
Sylvatrop 2 (4): 291-295 (1977)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 30503

Improvement of the drying property of lumbang oil: III.Low temperature crystallization


Arida, V.P; Lubi, E.V; Fumar, O.C; Serrano, D
Philippine Journal of Science 109 (3-4): 67-71 (1980)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31116

Products of industrial oils and by products - its processing and utilization


Arida, V.P
NSDB/NSTA Technology Journal 7 (1): 88-90 (1982)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31149

A study of hydroxylation of lumbang oil for methane preparation


Binlayo, D.L
NSTA Technology Journal 10 (1): 13-16 (1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31622

Philippine plants: series IV mani and lumbang


Vergara, B.S; Zamora, P.M; Pancho, J.V; Asis, C.V
Philippine Biota 3 (3): 22-25 (1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31652

Lumbang has many uses


Alambat, C.F
Conservation Circular 11 (8): 2-3 (1975)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31653

Propagation of some forest tree species in the Philippines


Reyes, I.E
Conservation Circular 11 (11): 4-5 (1975)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 31757

The essential oil of lumbang bato (Aleurites moluccana)


Young, R.G; Janolino, V.G; Barril, C.R
Philippine Agriculturist 53 (2): 95-99 (1969)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32223

Hydrocarbon-like oils


Fernandez, E.C
Research at Los Ba¤os 4 (2): 25 (1985)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 66132

Candle nut
Kemiri

Anonymous
Ambon Agricultural Information Service 2: ?p (1983-1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 32668

Lumbang oil for the manufacture of alkyd resin


Rodriguez, C.E
Science Bulletin of the Science Foundation of the Philippines 8 (2): 67-71 (1963)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32765

Production of high-alpha (dissolving) pulp from mixed hardwoods (apanit, bagtikan, kaatoan-bangkal and lumbang)


Nicolas, P.M; Bawagan, B.O
Philippine Lumberman 17 (8): 26, 28-29 (1971)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32827

The ozonolysis of Philippine unsaturated oils II. Lumbang (Aleurites moluccana (L.)Willd.)


Arida, V.P; Borlaza, F.C; Schmitt, W.J
The Philippine Journal of Science 101 (1-2): 93-95 (1972)

Availability :
Library; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 32934

Lumbang (Aleurites moluccana)


Dayan, M.P; Constantino, C.H
Research Information Series on Ecosystems 2 (1): 13-25 (1990)

Availability :
Library; Bureau of Forestry Development; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 32955

Culture and utilization of lumbang


Anonymous
Technology Transfer 2 (1): 1-26 (1990)

Availability :
Library; Department of Environment and Natural Resources; Diliman; Quezon City; Philippines




NO. 33070

Physico-mechanical properties and possible uses of 11 plantation-grown species in the Philippines


Tamolang, F.B; Rocafort, J.E
FPRDI Journal 16 (1-2): 75-85 (1987)

Availability :
Library; Scientific and Technology Information Institute; Department of Science and Technology; Metro Manila; Philippines




NO. 35162

Effects of IBA on the rooting of lumbang bato leafless stem cuttings


Uy, G.C
BSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1969; 17p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 35532

Utilization of lumbang (Aleurites mollucana (L.)Willd.) meal as organic fertilizer for cabbage


Cabalquinto, A.P
MSc thesis; College; Laguna; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; 1983; xviip; 79p

Availability :
Library; Department of Horticulture; University of the Philippines at Los Ba¤os; College; Laguna




NO. 40192

Some nut-bearing plants in Papua New Guinea


Henty, E.E
Division of Botany; Office of Forests; Lae; Papua New Guinea

Proceedings of the Second Papua New Guinea Food Crops Conference, Goroka, 14-18th July 1980; Port Moresby; Department of Primary Industry; 1982; Part 1; p78-85

Availability :
Library; PNG University of Technology; Lae; Papua New Guinea




NO. 60690

Some biological aspects and cultivation of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Beberapa aspek biologi dan budidaya tanaman kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Hutamadi, B
Thesis; Jakarta; Faculty of Biology; National University; 1983; 36p

Availability :
National University; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 60814

Study on the processing of tung oil production without candle nut shell separation
Penelitian proses pembuatan minyak kemiri tanpa melalui pemisahan tempurung

Kasmawarni; Achmad, A; Fuadi, A
Komunikasi Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri Banda Aceh [Communication of the Banda Aceh Research and Development Institute for Industry] (46): 1-23 (1989)

Availability :
Central Institute for Research and Development of Agro-based Industry; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61236

Post-harvest handling of candle nut
Pasca panen kemiri

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Timor Timur [East Timor] (25): (1990)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61275

Cultivating the candle nut
Budidaya tanaman kemiri

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Bulletin; Lampung (4): (1988)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 61821

Understorey nutrient status of various plant species in Tanjungan, Lampung
Status hara di bawah berbagai jenis tanaman di Tanjungan, Lampung

Triwilaida; Mile, M.Y; Gintings, A.N
Buletin Penelitian Hutan [Forest Research Bulletin] (530): 37-52 (1990)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 61854

Introduction to candle nut stands in association with its role as regreening plants in Indonesia
Mengenal tanaman kemiri dalam kaitannya sebagai tanaman penghijauan di Indonesia

Kalima, T
Journal of Forestry Research and Development; Bogor; 6 (2): 20-25 (1990)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 62431

Candle nut planting
Menanam kemiri

Anonymous
Agricultural Information Leaflet/South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (LIPTAN.BIP) Sulawesi Tenggara (3); 1987

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 62519

Determination of seed quality of important forestry plants in Indonesia by using X-ray method
Penentuan kualitas biji-biji tanaman kehutanan terpenting di Indonesia dengan menggunakan sinar-X

Dridjosoemarto, S
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Laporan Penelitian Proyek PPPT-UGM [Research Report of "PPPT-UGM" Project] (39): 1-27 (1977/1978)

Availability :
Library of Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63078

Utilization of candle nut (Aleurites molluccana) multipurpose tree species for forest plantations
Penggunaan jenis pohon serbaguna kemiri (Aleurites moluccana) untuk hutan tanaman

Mulyadi, A.T
Proceedings of the Research and Development Coordination on Multiple Purpose Tree Species; Bogor (29-30 Mei 1989); p151-176

Availability :
Riswan, S; Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63249

Java almond, useful but forgotten
Kemiri, berguna namun terlupa

Sudomo, P
Voice of Nature 7 (23): 38-40 (1984)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 63618

Candle nut planting
Menanam kemiri

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (03); 1987

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63619

Candle nut seeding
Membibitkan kemiri

Anonymous
South-East Sulawesi Agricultural Information Service (14); 1990

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63716

Candle nut cultivation
Budidaya tanaman kemiri

Anonymous
Lampung Agricultural Information Service (04); 1988

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63734

Candle nut seeding
Pembibitan kemiri

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service (18); 1986

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural Information Service; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 63850

Relationship between diameter growth rate, tree phenology and environmental factors of candle nut, sonokeling, mahogani and teak in Wanagama I, Gunung Kidul
Hubungan antara laju pertumbuhan diameter pohon kemiri, sonokeling, mahoni, dan jati dengan fenologi pohon dan faktor lingkungan di Wanagama I Gunung Kidul

Wariman, B
S2 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Postgraduate; Gadjah Mada University; 1985; 137p

Availability :
Faculty of Postgraduate; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 64277

Planting method of candle nut
Cara penanaman kemiri

Dali, J; Gintings, A.N
Forest Research Institute; Bogor; Indonesia

Laporan Tak Bernomor; Lembaga Penelitian Hutan [Not Number Report; Forest Research Institute]; 1981; 24p

Availability :
Center for Agricultural Library and Research Communication (CALREC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 64798

Tree species selection for burning screen in sedge grass areas in Tanjungan, South Lampung
Pemilihan jenis pohon untuk sekat bakar pada areal alang-alang di Tanjungan, Lampung Selatan

Wibowo, A
Forest Research Bulletin (537): 1-11 (1991)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 65562

Candle nut planting on sedge-grass fields
Penanaman kemiri di padang alang-alang

Anonymous
Warta Litbang Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development News] 3 (5): 1-2 (1981)

Availability :
Manggala Wanabakti; Jakarta; Indonesia




NO. 65780

Traditional utilization of lands by Dayak Kenyah tribe for conserving forest exploitation
Pendayagunaan lahan secara tradisional oleh suku Dayak Kenyah untuk kelestarian pengolahan hutan

Lahjie, A.M
Faculty of Forestry; Mulawarman University; Samarinda; East Kalimantan; Indonesia

Proceedings Regional Seminar Peranan Pemungutan dan Pengolahan Hasil Hutan Dalam Rangka Menunjang Kelestarian Hutan Hujan Tropis [Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on the Role of Forest Product Harvesting and Processing in Supporting the Sustainability of Tropical Rain Forest]; Samarinda; 21-23 May 1990; Indonesian-German Forestry Project at Mulawarman University; Samarinda Kaltim; Indonesia; Forestry and Forest Products GFG Report (18): ?p (1991)

Availability :
Herbarium Bogoriense; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 66017

Candle nut growing
Bercocok tanam kemiri

Anonymous
East Timor Agricultural Information Service 3: ?p (1988-1989)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66137

Seeding of candle nut
Pembibitan kemiri

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 18: ?p (1986-1987)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 66157

Candle nut planting
Menanam kemiri

Anonymous
Ujung Pandang Agricultural Information Service 6 (10): ?p (1983-1984)

Availability :
Agricultural Human Resources Development Management Center




NO. 102557

Research of candle nut characteristic and its processing method
Penelitian karakteristik kemiri dan cara pengolahannya

Mulyono, E; Hidayat, T
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops (RISMC); Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis-Jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Pertemuan Teknis Ilmiah Penelitian dan Pengembangan Jenis-Jenis Pohon Serbaguna Bogor, 12-13 Mei 1993; Mile, M.Y, et al (eds.); 3: 98-107 (1993)

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 103116

Agroforestry for dry-island ecosystems: Strategic approach for Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia


Suriamihardja, S
Savana (8): 1-14 (1993)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 103955

Pulp processing from candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) wood using soda and soda-antrakinon process
Pembuatan pulp dari kayu kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) dengan proses soda dan soda-antrakinon

Wahid, A
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1992; 87p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104156

Study on utilization of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Wild) oil as a motor diesel fuel
Studi penggunaan minyak kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Wild) sebagai bahan bakar motor diesel

Saipul
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 93p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104281

Effects of mother plant age, number seeds in fruit and seeds treatment on germination of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) seeds
Pengaruh umur pohon induk, jumlah benih dalam buah dan perlakuan benih terhadap perkecambahan benih kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Cherryyanti, H
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1993; 59p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104401

Effect of maturating stage, planting media and planting seed position to sprouting of Aleurites moluccana Willd.
Pengaruh tingkat pemasakan media tanam dan posisi benih ditanam terhadap perkecambahan 'benih kemiri' (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Sari, P.E
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 71p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104455

Effect of physical and chemical treatments on seed germination growth of Aleurites molucana seedlings
Pengaruh beberapa perlakuan fisik dan kimia terhadap perkecambahan benih dan pertumbuhan bibit tanaman kemiri (Aleurites molucana Willd.)

Kurniawan, E
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agriculture; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 62p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 104580

Technical manual of cultivation of Aleurites moluccana Willd.
Pedoman teknis budidaya kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Wirodidjojo, S; Suhartati; Sallata, K; Misro
Informasi Teknis Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Ujung Pandang [Technical Information of the Ujung Pandang Research Institute for Forestry] (2): 1-23 (1994)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 105211

Effect of the comparison between urea and formaldehyde molecules and of pressing temperature on the formaldehyde emission and gluing firmness of 'kemiri' candle nut (Aleurites moluccana) plywood
Pengaruh perbandingan molekul urea dan formaldehide dan suhu pengempaan terhadap emisi formaldehida serta keteguhan rekat kayu lapis kemiri

Supadi
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1995; 94p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 105218

Effects of glue types, core density and spreaded glue on the character of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana) plywood with the core of sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) powder plank
Pengaruh jenis perekat, kerapatan inti dan perekat terlabur terhadap sifat kayu lapis kemiri inti papan serbuk sengon

Marwoto
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1995; 83p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 105222

Effects of solvent substance differences and extraction duration on the yield and quality of candle nut seed oil
Pengaruh perbedaan macam zat pelarut dan lama ekstraksi terhadap rendemen dan kualitas minyak biji kemiri

Sutopo, H
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1995; 70p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 105253

Effects of boiling solution concentration and glue content on the property of candle nut fibreboards
Pengaruh konsentrasi larutan pemasak dan kadar perekat terhadap sifat papan serat kayu kemiri

Priyambodo, S
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1994; 71p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 105254

Effects of spreaded glue, temperature and pressing pressure on the gluing property of candle nut plywood
Pengaruh perekat terlabur, suhu dan tekanan pengempaan terhadap sifat perekatan kayu lapis kemiri

Setyawan, K
Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Gadjah Mada University; 1994; 90p

Availability :
Faculty of Forestry Library, Gadjah Mada University




NO. 105709

Study on drying characteristic of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Mempelajari karakteristik pengeringan kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Franky
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 85p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 105714

Extraction of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) oil using CO2-supercritics
Ekstraksi minyak kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) dengan menggunakan CO2-superkritik

Roswati, E
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Forestry; Bogor Agricultural University; 1995; 59p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 105847

Effect of physical treatment on the pressing strength of nut peels of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)
Pengaruh perlakuan fisik terhadap kekuatan tekan tempurung biji kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.)

Suryanti, I
S1 thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1994; 42p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 106057

Effects of edge-joint and amount of glue on the quality of jointed board of candle nut wood
Pengaruh sudut sambung arah lebar (EDGE-JOINT) dan jumlah perekat terhadap kualitas papan sambung kayu kemiri

Prasetyanto, N
Faculty of Forestry; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

S1 thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1995; 91p

Availability :
Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Maguwoharjo Campus; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 106289

Quick method to germinate candle nut
Cara cepat mengecambahkan kemiri

Suharyon; Taher, Sy; Erfa, M; Anwar, N
Trubus 24 (278): 12-? (1993)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106361

Back to nature a getting more impressive habit
Kembali ke alam yang makin diminati

Ria A
Trubus 27 (315): 4-7 (1996)

Availability :
Research and Development Centre for Biology (RDCB); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 106515

Modification and performance test of peeling apparatus 'banting' type of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) seeds
Modifikasi dan uji performansi alat pengupas biji kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) tipe banting

Dardiri, Y
Thesis; Bogor; Faculty of Agricultural Technology; Bogor Agricultural University; 1996; 110p

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107009

Effects of various Rootone F concentrations and based pod form of shoot cutting of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) on its growth in nursery
Pengaruh variasi konsentrasi Rootone F dan bentuk polongan dasar stek pucuk kemiri (Aleurites moluccana Willd.) terhadap pertumbuhannya di persemaian

Wahyuni, I.S
Faculty of Forestry; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Forestry; Yogyakarta Agricultural College; 1995; 79p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107040

Study on the effect of combination between mechanical and chemical treatment on growth ability and growth strength of candle nut (Aleurites mollucana) seedlings
Kajian pengaruh kombinasi perlakuan mekanis dan khemis terhadap daya tumbuh dan kekuatan tumbuh bibit kemiri (Aleurites mollucana)

Winarno, H.A
Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia

Thesis; Yogyakarta; Faculty of Agriculture; Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; 1996; 75p

Availability :
Library of Yogyakarta "INTAN" Agricultural College; Yogyakarta; Indonesia




NO. 107557

Some aspects of sylviculture in cultivation of multipurpose trees species of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana) and jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
Aspek-aspek silvikultur dalam budidaya jenis pohon serbaguna kemiri (Aleurites moluccana) dan nangka (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

Soeparno, W; Santoso, B; Suhartati
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian & Pengembangan Jenis-jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Cisarua, Bogor 16-17 Juni 1992; p1-8

Abstract:
Candle nut (Aleurites moluccana) and jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) as multi purposes tree species (MPTS) are well known by the farmers and have been cultivated at small scale as forest community and or mixed garden. However, they still applied traditional technique in cultivating these species, caused its production value relatively low. Research on sylviculture aspects related to cultivation of candle nut and jackfruit have been doing by some research institutions. Although, it is not complete yet as a technology package, but information on these research results, i.e. seeds treatment, nursery, plantation techniques and pest/disease control will be useful for the farmers to improve their knowledge and skill in cultivating such species. By evaluating the past research results and experiences from traditional practices, the priority of research need were also identified in order to support national MPTS development programme.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107814

Prospect on developing of candle nut (Aleurites moluccana) in Indonesia
Prospek pengembangan kemiri (Aleurites moluccana) di Indonesia

Moko, H; Rusmin, D; Hasanah, M
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia

Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian [Agricultural Research and Development Journal] 14 (3): 65-69 (1995)

Availability :
Bogor Agricultural University, Central Library




NO. 107584

Candle nut germplasm in the Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops
Plasma nutfah kemiri di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat

Hadad, M.E.A; Mansur, M
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian & Pengembangan Jenis-jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Cisarua, Bogor 16-17 Juni 1992; p249-254

Abstract:
Candle nut (Aleurites spp.) is a multipurpose crops and is potential to be developed either for the shade tree, reforestation, or producing nut as an export commodity. The genetic material of the crop has been conserved since the Dutch occupation in the economic garden (now the Cimanggu experimental garden). The number of species conserved is still limited such as A. mollucana, A. montana, A. trisperma. The species are now collected at the Cimanggu and Cibinong Experimental Gardens. Some characters had been evaluated including seeds production growing habit and agronomic merits. The utilization of candle nut germplasm, is less than that of rubber of palm oil although the tree crops were collected at the some time at the economic garden. A basic programme of Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Crops has been layed out including exploration, collection, documentation, characterization and selection of mother plant (seed plant). The availability of an out standing mother plant can support the development of the crop either for scan or rootstock.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107586

The growth, production and use of Aleurites moluccana


Mile, Y.M
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian & Pengembangan Jenis-jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Cisarua, Bogor 16-17 Juni 1992; p261-267

Abstract:
Research on the growth, production and use of Aleurites moluccana (candle nut) as multipurpose tree species in Indonesia have been done by Forest Research and Development Centre of Indonesia (FRDC). These researches were conducted by established a 10 Ha of trial plantation of A. moluccana on grassland field cover by Imperata cylindrica (sedge grass). Several planting methods such as agroforestry systems were applied. The results showed that A. moluccana can grow very well in sedge grass field and reduced the growth and development of sedge grass. Aleurites moluccana could be used as tree component in agroforestry system. At the age of 2 years old A. moluccana begin to give their product in term of fruits. Average production was 2 ton/ha. The use of A. moluccana mostly for home consumption and industries. Approximately 55-65% of the fruits from A. moluccana consisted of oil. The oil has been using as basic material to produce paint, vernis, printed ink, cosmetics soap, hair cream and substance for batik printing. Other parts of the plant were utilized since long time ago, especially for curring some diseases. The wood from A. moluccana have been used for pulp and paper, plywood, packing materials, matches etc. For soil conservation purpose, A. moluccana can be used in agroforestry and reforestation, soil protection on erosion and controlling sedge grass on neglected land.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107587

Potential and utilization of candle nut in East Nusa Tenggara
Potensi dan pemanfaatan tanaman kemiri di Nusa Tenggara Timur

Rasyad, S
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian & Pengembangan Jenis-jenis Pohon Serbaguna [Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Research and Development of Multipurpose Tree Species]; Cisarua, Bogor 16-17 Juni 1992; p268-275

Abstract:
East Nusa Tenggara is the second largest producing areas of Aleurites mollucana plant in Indonesia. It covers of 24,836.43 hectares and of 7,450.066 tons production. Techniques of cultivation in this area are still in traditional ways. At present the local people use the plant for spices and traditional light energy. The productions were also marketed to Surabaya. About 4,020.164 tons of fresh kernel was shipped to Surabaya in 1989. This paper attempted to explain the possibilities of the plant as raw material for pharmacy, cosmetics and other industries.

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107608

Sylviculture of some species of commercial plant specialty of Sulawesi
Silvikultur beberapa jenis tanaman komersial khas Sulawesi

Seran, D; Suhartati; Allo, M.K
Proceedings Diskusi/Ekspose Hasil-Hasil & Program Penelitian & Pengembangan Kehutanan Wilayah Sulawesi [Proceedings of the Discussion/Expose on Results and Programme of Forestry Research and Development at Sulawesi]; Ujung Pandang, 13-14 Januari 1993; p1-20

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 107611

Study of "bonita" class and volume table of candle nut stand
Studi kelas bonita dan tabel volume tegakan kemiri

Malamassam, D; Wirodidjojo, S; Seran, D
Proceedings Diskusi/Ekspose Hasil-Hasil & Program Penelitian & Pengembangan Kehutanan Wilayah Sulawesi [Proceedings of the Discussion/Expose on Results and Programme of Forestry Research and Development at Sulawesi]; Ujung Pandang, 13-14 Januari 1993; p56-66

Availability :
Forest Research and Development Centre (FRDC); Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 108026

Knowledge and utilization of medicinal plant diversity: case study of Atoni people in Camplong, East Nusa Tenggara
Pengetahuan dan manfaat keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan obat: studi kasus orang-orang Atoni di Camplong Nusa Tenggara Timur

Rahayu, M; Waluyo, E.B
Research and Development Centre for Biology; Bogor; Indonesia

Prosiding Simposium Penelitian Bahan Obat Alami VIII [Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on Research of Natural Medicine]; Bogor, 24-25 Nopember 1994; Perhiba & Balittro; 1996; p295-301

Availability :
Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal Crops; Bogor; Indonesia




NO. 78299

Aleurites moluccana Willd
Cay lai

Le Tran Duc
Cay thuoc Viet Nam: Trong, hai, che bien va tri benh ban dau [Medicinal plants of Vietnam: planting, harvesting, processing and treating diseases] Agricultural Pub. House. Hanoi, 1999. p. 700-701

Abstract:
Aleurites moluccana is cultivated many in North Vietnam, mostly in hills of Midland. The seeds are employed to make oil using as industrial and medicinal oil. The oil is used to treat a contipation.

Availability :
National Library of Vietnam