Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.

Synonyms Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Vernacular names False daisy (En). Indonesia: orang-aring (Javanese), urang-aring (Sundanese). Malaysia: biu, keremak jantan, nigus. Papua New Guinea: whiteheads (Pidgin). Philippines: higis-manok (Tagalog), karim-buaya (Ilokano), pia (Ifugao). Laos: hoomz kwx. Thailand: kameng (central), yaa sap, hom kieo (northern). Vietnam: ng.

Origin and geographic distribution Pantropical.

Uses The juice is used for dyeing hair black, and in tattooing. An extract of the leaves is given for constipation but also against diarrhoea, and as a tonic. The plant has purgative and emetic properties, and possesses antibiotic activity. The leaves are used as vegetable.

Observation An annual or rather short-lived perennial herb, 10-80 cm tall with prostrate or erect branches and usually numerous, small, white heads. A very common weed of rice fields, sugarcane fields and coconut plantations; also found in humid localities along water courses and road-sides, from lowland up to 1500 m altitude.

Selected Source:
  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C., 1963-1968. Flora of Java. 3 Volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands.
  • Burkill, H.M., 1985. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. 2nd ed. Vol. 1 (Families A - D ). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Great Britain. 960 pp.
  • Crevost, Ch. & Ptelot, A., 1941. Catalogue des produits de l'Indochine. Vol. 6. Tannins et tinctoriaux. Gouvernement gnral de l'Indochine. 124 pp.
  • Dassanayake, M.D. & Fosberg, F.R. (Editors), 1980 -. A revised handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Vol. 1 - 6. Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., by Amerind Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  • Hui-lin Li et al. (Editors), 1975 - 1978. Flora of Taiwan. 5 Volumes. Epoch Publishing Co., Taipei.

Author: J. Jukema, N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto, R.H.M.J. Lemmens & J.W. Hildebrand

Source of This Article:
Jukema, J., Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N., Lemmens, R.H.M.J. & Hildebrand, J.W., 1991. Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.In: Lemmens, R.H.M.J. and Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 3: Dye and tannin producing plants. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 133-134

Recommended Citation:
Jukema, J., Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N., Lemmens, R.H.M.J. & Hildebrand, J.W., 1991. Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.[Internet] Record from Proseabase. Lemmens, R.H.M.J. and Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Accessed from Internet: 28-Nov-2020