Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C. Presl) Merr.
Philipp. Journ. Sci., Bot. 3: 225 (1908).

Synonyms Phaeanthus cumingii Miq. (1858), Phaeanthus macropodus (Miq.) Diels (1912), Phaeanthus nigrescens Elmer (1913).

Vernacular names Papua New Guinea: bien (Kebar). Philippines: kalimatas (Tagalog), takulau (Iloko), lapnisan (Bisaya).

Distribution The Philippines, Brunei, Sabah, East Kalimantan, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas, Kai Islands, Aru Islands, Papua and Papua New Guinea.

Uses A soluble extract from the bark is well-known as a treatment for sore eyes. In traditional medicine the extracts are also used as an antispasmodic as well as to cure ulcers and small wounds.

Observations A shrub or tree up to 20 m tall, trunk up to 35 cm in diameter; leaves obovate to elliptical, 7.4—25.3 cm x 2.6—10 cm, the midrib with 9—14 pairs of anastomosing veins; cymes sometimes reduced to one axis; flowers solitary or 3(—4) together, sepals and outer petals 0.8—1.5 mm long, inner petals 1.2—2.9 cm long, stamens 40—80, carpels 30—50, style absent; monocarps 15—30, 11—17 mm x 7-10 mm, glabrous, stipe 1.3—2.6 cm long, green to yellow to orange when immature becoming dark red to purple when ripe. The extreme forms within Phaeanthus ebracteolatus differ morphologically quite a lot; this might be an indication of some ongoing speciation. Phaeanthus ebracteolatus is common in primary and secondary lowland forest, on steep hills, especially ridges, on river banks and in open locations, on various soils up to 800 m altitude.

Selected Source:
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  • [128] Brown, W.H., 1951—1957. Useful plants of the Philippines. Reprint of the 1941—1943 edition. 3 volumes. Technical Bulletin 10. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Bureau of Printing, Manila, the Philippines. Vol. 1 (1951) 590 pp
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Author: N.O. Aguilar & J.B. Mols

Source of This Article:
Aguilar, N.O. & Mols, J.B., 2001. Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C. Presl) Merr.In: van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Backhuys Publisher, Leiden, The Netherlands, p. 417

Recommended Citation:
Aguilar, N.O. & Mols, J.B., 2001. Phaeanthus ebracteolatus (C. Presl) Merr.[Internet] Record from Proseabase. van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors).
PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Accessed from Internet: 28-Jul-2017